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Sobach e serdtse The Heart of a Dog, Mikhail Afanasevich Bulgakov Heart of a Dog is a novel by Russian author Mikhail Bulgakov Moscow, 1924 While foraging for trash one winter day, a stray dog is found by a cook and scalded with boiling water Lying forlorn in a doorway, the dog awaits his end awash in self pity To his surprise, a successful surgeon, Filipp Filippovich Preobrazhensky, arrives and offers the dog a piece of sausage Overjoyed, the dog follows Filip back to his flat, where he s given the name of Sharik 1990 1368 203 1925 1987 . My favourite kind of satire is not laugh out loud funny it s unsettling, and disturbing, and beautifully weird Bulgakov brings it, with this short and vicious fable about a dog who is implanted with the genitals and pituitary gland of a deceased convict, transforming him into a bestial hybrid It s like reading an early Soviet Chris Morris script in fact, what this book made me think ofthan anything was this creepy sketch from Blue Jam Bulgakov seems to offer a similarly discomfiting blend of verbal dexterity, incisiveness, shock value, and utter disregard for the negative repercussions of his work, which in Bulgakov s case could have been of the most severe kind.I wonder if I would have got as much out of this if I hadn t read it soon after finishing a big history of the Russian Revolution, whose hypocrisies are so unerringly skewered here The extravagantly detailed and gory scene in which the dog is operated on brings home the nature of the Soviet experiment which its leaders really did see in explicitly scientific terms in a visceral new way And the characters are no simple allegories the doctor, Preobrazhensky perhaps partly modelled on Pavlov , may in some way symbolise the Bolshevik leaders in that scene, but at other times he is a sympathetic model of liberal Tsarist Russia Writing after waves of Red Terror and White Terror had bled the countryside, Bulgakov gives his learned protagonist a pointed speech on the subject of kindness to animals , which is, he says, The only possible way to deal with a living creature Terror s useless for dealing with an animal, whatever level of development it might be at I ve always said that, I still say it and I always will They re wrong to think that terror will do them any good No sir, no sir, it won t, no matter what colour it is white, red or even brown The man hound himself, Sharikov, with his barking voice and rough hair, is an unforgettable creation the joke being that his appalling manners and rock bottom intelligence win him an enthusiastic welcome in the Party He ends up as head of a sub department and possible member of the Cheka secret police His name, Sharikov, comes from the stereotypical Russian dog s name Sharik it thus means something like Roverson or McFido Ultimately, the gruesome experiment does not work, and Preobrazhensky s reflection on it all again takes on the most direct political connotations Science does not yet know any way of turning animals into human beings This was my attempt, but an unsuccessful one, as you can see He spoke for a while and then began to revert to his original primitive condition As a comment on the uprising of a people He spoke for a while and then began to revert to his original primitive condition I found this breathtaking in its curt derision The target, of course, is not the people themselves, but their mendacious leaders No wonder the Soviets banned the book on sight in 1925, and it wasn t actually published, anywhere, until 1987 just ten years before that Blue Jam sketch was broadcast.There are several translations of this available, and not being a Russian reader, I compared a few of them before I ordered my copy Unfortunately, I got confused by all the differentLook Inside tabs I had open at the same time, and ordered the wrong one I ended up with Andrew Bromfield s version published by Penguin, which, OK, is perfectly serviceable Here s an example of it, from the first few pages, moving from the dog s internal monologue to a description of a nearby typist Wasn t getting in his way, was I Not going to eat the entire National Economic Council into ruin if I have a rummage in the rubbish tip, am I Rotten stingy swine Just take a look at that fat ugly mug of his some time wider across than it is long A real brazen faced thief The dry blizzard witch rattled the gates and swiped her broomstick across the young woman s ear Tossed her skirt up to her knees, exposing the cream stockings and a narrow strip of badly laundered underwear, choked off her words and smothered the dog in snow.The only part of this that doesn t work is the dry blizzard witch , clearly a little personification in the original Russian which just seems confusing in this translation Otherwise it reads OK, and as it was done in 2007 it should at least benefit fromrecent scholarship than the other two I looked at Vintage publish the Michael Glenny version from 1968, which I prefer in many ways this is actually the one I meant to buy What harm was I doing him, anyway I m not robbing the National Economic Council s food supply if I go foraging in their dustbins, am I Greedy pig Just take a look at his ugly mug it s almost fatter than he is Hard faced crook The terrible snowstorm howled around the doorway, buffeting the girl s ears It blew her skirt up to her knees, showing her fawn stockings and a little strip of badly washed lace underwear, drowned her words and covered the dog in snow Fatter than he is seems wrong, based on the other two, but dropping the witch business and just talking about a terrible snowstorm makes for a muchnatural sounding English style Meanwhile in the US, the most common translation seems to be the Mirra Ginsburg one published by Grove Press, which in my opinion is rather poor What harm did I do him Would the People s Economic Soviet get any poorer if I rooted in the garbage heap The greedy brute Take a look at that mug of his sometimes it s wider than it s long A crook with a brass jowl. The wind, that raging witch, rattled the gate and boxed the young lady on the ear with its broom It blew up her skirt above her knees, baring the cream colored stockings and a narrow strip of the poorly laundered lace panties It drowned out her words and swept across the dog The wind, that raging witch is a decent solution to the personification problem But to my ear, this has several other problems Sometimes should surely read sometime up should be placed after her skirt , not before and a crook with a brass jowl is just dreadful.Anyway, your mileage may vary But whichever translation you pick, find a way to get your canines into this, pronto. Bulgakov bu eserinde bilim kurgu ile hiciv i harmanlayarak ilgin bir sistem ele tirisi yans tm K sa bir Frankenstein yk s okumak isteyenlere tavsiye edilir fakat israr edilmez Rating 4 of fiveThe Publisher Says A new edition of Bulgakov s fantastical precursor to The Master and Margarita, part of Melville House s reissue of the Bulgakov backlist in Michael Glenny s celebrated translations.A key work of early modernism, this is the superbly comic story of a Soviet scientist and a scroungy Moscow mongrel named Sharik Attempting a medical first, the scientist transplants the glands of a petty criminal into the dog and, with that, turns a distinctly worryingly human animal loose on the city The new, lecherous, vulgar, Engels spouting Sharik soon finds his niche in governmental bureaucracy as the official in charge of purging the city of cats A Frankenstein fable that s as funny as it is terrifying, The Heart of a Dog has also been read as a fierce parable of the Russian Revolution It was rejected for publication by the censors in 1925, and circulated in samizdat for years until Michael Glenny translated it into English in 1968 long before it was allowed to be officially published in the Soviet Union That happened only in 1987, although till this day the book remains one of Mikhail Bulgakov s most controversial novels in his native country My Review Anyone who s ever read The Master and Margarita already knows that Bulgakov is a rebel, an anarchist, and damn good and funny with it His thoughts were, based on the novels I ve read, contrarian in the extreme as well as profoundly sensitive to practical concerns The rule apparently is once a social revolution takes place there s no need to stoke the boiler But I ask you why, when this whole business started, should everybody suddenly start clumping up and down the marble staircase in dirty galoshes and felt boots Why must we now keep our galoshes under lock and key And put a soldier on guard over them to prevent them from being stolen Why has the carpet been removed from the front staircase Did Marx forbid people to keep their staircases carpeted Did Karl Marx say anywhere that the front door of No 2 Kalabukhov House in Prechistenka Street must be boarded up so that people have to go round and come in by the back door What good does it do anybody Why can t the proletarians leave their galoshes downstairs instead of dirtying the staircase But the proletarians don t have any galoshes, Philip Philipovich, stammered the doctor And the simple truth about revolution that probably contributed heavily to the book s suppression in the Soviet era People who think you can use terror are quite wrong No, no, terror is useless, whatever its colour white, red or even brown Terror completely paralyses the nervous system He saw the terror around him, saw the results, and distilled a response into a short phrase That s writing that s a joy to read.But we can t leave revolutionary era Moscow without hearing from the eponymous heart haver Early in the book, we re told the sad tale of an unwanted dog whose people savvy beats that of most of the humans I ve ever met Eyes mean a lot Like a barometer They tell you everything they tell you who has a heart of stone, who would poke the toe of his boot in your ribs as soon as look at you and who s afraid of you The cowards they re the ones whose ankles I like to snap at If they re scared, I go for them Serve them right..grrr..bow wow All hail Michael Glenny, of blessed memory since dying in 1990 Without him, Bulgakov s banned and suppressed works might remain out of the English speaker s reach. . C mo me gusta leer a Mija l Bulg kov Me divierte, me atrae, me entretiene y acrecienta la admiraci n que siento por l Es el tercer libro que leo de este gran autor ruso, luego de El Maestro y Margarita que sigue siendo el mejor libro que le en lo que va del a o y de Los Huevos Fatales , que se asemeja en ciertas caracter sticas a la historia narrada en ste libro.Nuevamente es un experimento cient fico, un descubrimiento de la ciencia, el que Bulg kov utiliza para disfrazar su aversi n al incipiente comunismo que comenzaba a regir con mano dura la Uni n Sovi tica Coraz n de Perro fue escrito entre enero y marzo de 1925, el autor, luego de que Los Huevos Fatales , tambi n de fuerte cr tica a los soviets no fuera censurado por descuido, s sufre la censura de ste, el cual ser a publicado reci n en su pa s en 1987 Bulg kov falleci en 1940.El experimento en cuesti n trata acerca de un perro de la calle al que le implantan los test culos y la hip fisis de un hombre ste sufrir una transfiguraci n y no una transformaci n, puesto que el experimento y la evoluci n de la operaci n transcurre entre el 23 de diciembre y el 7 de enero, lo cual incluye alusiones a la Navidad cat lica y la ortodoxa De hecho el cient fico que es uno de los personajes principales del libro se apellida Transf guriev.Junto con su ayudante, el doctor Bormental, lograr n que un castigado perro llamado Sh rik, se transfigure en un hombre apellidado Sh rikov.El libro comienza con los pensamientos que tiene el perro ante el entorno que lo rodea, su encuentros con Transf guriev hasta enlazar con la narraci n ya en tercera persona de los sucesos fant sticos que vivir n los personajes Bulg kov juega con los apellidos de los personajes Por ejemplo, el apellido del cad ver del cual toma la hip fisis y test culos para implantarle a Sh rik es Chugunkin, que significa hierro fundido , mientras que el apodo Stalin , del gran dictador proviene de stal , que significa acero Nota bene estos datos est n tomados del traductor del libro, el argentino Alejandro Ariel Gonz lez.En resumidas cuentas, el nuevo ser humano , para darle una descripci n es un hombre sin ninguna moral, ordinario y de malos h bitos Un hombre nuevo , como el que intentaba propugnar la revoluci n comunista y a partir de all es que el autor toma estas caracter sticas para atacarlas y criticarlas sin piedad Como es de esperar, aparecer n personajes pertenecientes al Estado, gente inescrupulosa que intentar n sacar tajadas del nuevo descubrimiento y se enredar n en situaciones confusas y desgraciadas.El tono par dico que utiliza Bulg kov para re rse de la flamante Uni n Sovi tica post revolucionaria es evidente y para ello se sirve de un experimento cient fico a lo Frankenstein, con resultados diferentes Tambi n creo que Bulg kov se inspir en parte en el libro La Isla del Dr Moreau , de H.G Wells.Prontamente este hombre con coraz n de perro se transformar en un ser aborrecible y el final nos mostrar el fracaso de un intento de Filipp Filipp vich Transf guriev por encontrar un mejor ser humano.Tambi n nos dice que ciertos experimentos como fue el comunismo sovi tico fue algo que tarde o temprano tendr a un mal final Parece que la humanidad est un poco harta de ser un animal de laboratorio. Can you say Booby Brash Bolsheviks three times fast, comrades If not, you can surely howl with laughter Ooow ow ooow owow Operating on animals to effect a transform in a humanly direction has been around for some time In novels, that is There s H.G Wells The Island of Doctor Moreau published in 1896 and Kristen Bakis less well known 1997 Lives of the Monster Dogs, a bizarre, creepy story of humanoid German shepherds strolling Manhattan as rich aristocrats.Another such novel on the list, The Heart of a Dog, is Mikhail Bulgakov s stinging satire written in 1925 but not published in the Russian author s home country until 1987 oh, those damn censors Having been censored, of course it follows that much of the heart of The Heart targets the Soviet Union s brand of communism practiced in those tumultuous years Additionally, the novel can be interpreted as a parable of the Russian Revolution And there s a healthy bit of word play lost in translation This to say, as a 21st century American, I feel confident writing a book review but I do not have the background in either Russian history or the Russian language to begin to address a number of important dimensions on display in this modern classic But still, even in English I d recommend the Michael Glenny translation , Mikhail Bulgakov s short novel makes for a rewarding read I hesitate to say enjoyable read since one is best reading the book on an empty stomach and when in the mood for page after page of unnerving, off the wall humor of the blackest variety Since so much of the bite no pun intended of this novel about an Ivan Pavlov watanabe experimenting on a mangy, stray dog by surgically implanting a dead convict s pituitary gland and testicles is in its colorful detail, I ll couple my comments with a batch of direct doggie novel quotes Some bastard in a dirty white cap the cook in the office canteen at the National Economic Council spilled some boiling water and scalded my left side Filthy swine and a proletarian, too This from the opening chapter where Sharik the dog makes pithy observations on the pathetic, viscous humans he must put up with as he makes his way through Moscow The short novel s delightful shifts back and forth between first person the dog and third person provide the narrative technique enabling Mikhail Bulgakov to hurl his caustic barbs from multiple angles, well crafted darts at a dart board filled with stupidity and arrogance of both individuals and society as a whole By kindness The only possible method when dealing with a living creature You ll get nowhere with an animal if you use terror, no matter what its level of development may be That I have maintained, do maintain and always will maintain People who think you can use terror are quite wrong No, terror s useless, whatever its colour white, red or even brown Terror completely paralyses the nervous system Our good professor s observation on how to treat dogs like Sharik Irony of ironies since humans do not possess the dignity of animals, state sponsored red terror is perfectly acceptable And effective Especially if you want to strong arm an entire population into lockstep conformity And hypocritical Professor Philip Philipovich eventually resorts to his own brand of terrorizing to achieve his selfish ends This place is indecent, thought the dog, but I like it What the hell can he want me for, though Is he just going to let me live here Maybe he s eccentric After all, he could get a pedigree dog as easy as winking Ha All those decent, starving Russians were likewise gullible in their support of Uncle Joe If they only knew what evil their new leader was capable of perpetrating, all in the name of improving human nature and society Excuse me, Shvonder interrupted him, but it was just because of your dining room and your consulting room that we came to see you The general meeting requests you, as a matter of labor discipline, to give up your dining room voluntarily No one in Moscow has a dining room Four members from the apartment committee barge into the professor s living quarters and attempt to lay down the law on how the new society will be structured Each time committee members make their appearance throughout the novel is an opportunity for the author to poke a long satiric needle into the side of the Soviets Ouch Yes, a policeman Nothing else will do Doesn t matter whether he wears a number or a red cap A policeman should be posted alongside every person in the country with the job of moderating the vocal outbursts of our honest citizenry Professor Philip Philipovich s wry comment Mikhail Bulgakov anticipates the omnipresent eye of the totalitarian state sending men and women off to forced labor camps for the slightest vocal outburst Dripping with exertion and excitement Bormenthal leapt to a glass jar and removed from it twowet, dangling testicles, their short, moist, stringy vesicles dangling like elastic in the hands of the professor and his assistant The professor replaced the membranes over the brain, restored the sawn off lid to its exact place, pushed the scalp back into position and roared Suture As a trained physician himself, Mikhail Bulgakov had the background in medicine to provide oodles of lurid details in his scene devoted to operating on the dog, Again, a novel requiring a strong stomach not for the squeamish Take that trash off your neck Shaif you saw yourself in a mirror you d realise what a fright it makes you look You look like a clown For the hundredth time don t throw cigarette ends on to the floor And I don t want to hear anyswearing in this flat And don t spit everywhere The unexpected consequence of the operation the dog is now a completely formed little man capable of speaking and reading And spluttering and acting like a low grade slob Not exactly the type of person our good professor wants in his apartment But, as it turns out, he has no choice in a planned society, rules are rules.These are but seven delectable morsels Each and every page of The Heart of a Dog is filled with such supercharged passages I urge you to take the plunge into the author s short masterpiece.Here s looking at you Mikhail Bulgakov, 1891 1940 A Dog s Heart or, The Heart of a Dog still bites strongly with sharp teeth after so much time, and, unlike a lot of other Russian golden oldies that feel old, this could have been written yesterday Bulgakov s satire of life in the early years of the Soviet Union cost himself dear, and it has not lost any of its provocative power I even preferred this to his ever so popular Master and Margarita.Giving a reading of A Dog s Heart in his Moscow apartment March 1925, he introduced to a group of people, Sharik, the humanoid dog, and the arrogant surgeon who created him But there just so happened to be an informer in the small crowd, who took it as a threatening mockery as to his views on Soviet society Bulgakov s residence was searched and the manuscript seized Though it was returned to him, but not for another four years Sharik makes his first appearance as a mangy mongrel cringing in a blizzard after being douched with boiling water by a cook, and out of a shop pops a man with the smell of hospitals and cigars, Philip Philipovich With sausage he has just bought, he lures Sharik back to his apartment, a seven room suite in a building that has been requisitioned by a committee of zealous young revolutionaries Even early on, Bulgakov conveys so much about Soviet life in the way he perceived it After his latest experiment which is described in gruesome medical detail he witnesses what happens when the dog is implanted with the testicles and pituitary glands of a human.The creature emerges from the operating table, and soon walks, talks, drinks, smokes, and is a seasoned veteran when it comes to Russian swearwords After receiving identity papers he is placed in charge of the Moscow Cleansing Department responsible for eliminating vagrant quadrupeds, cats, etcbut not before he has turned to crime, stealing from gentlemen and comrades alike, and attempting to have his wicked way with women whilst they sleep Bulgakov, the political commentator sending up Soviet theories, was also, as a former physician, poking fun at western Europeans who flocked to a Paris based quack in the belief that he could restore virility with an injection of monkey glands of all things In his own formulation, this novella is both a scathing satire with an inflammatory gesture and a riotous science fiction dark comedy It s runs through with an energy, that, after nearly 100 years in passing, still seems freshly defiant Gets my bark of approval. {KINDLE} ñ Собачье сердце Ø Mikhail Bulgakov S Absurdist Parable Of The Russian RevolutionA World Famous Moscow Professor Rich, Successful, And Violently Envied By His Neighbors Befriends A Stray Dog And Resolves To Achieve A Daring Scientific First By Transplanting Into It The Testicles And Pituitary Gland Of A Dead Man But The Results Are Wholly Unexpected A Distinctly And Worryingly Human Animal Is On The Loose, And The Professor S Hitherto Respectable Life Becomes A Nightmare Beyond EnduranceAs In The Master And Margarita, The Masterpiece He Completed Shortly Before His Death, Mikhail Bulgakov S Early Novel, Written In , Combines Outrageously Grotesque Ideas With A Narrative Of Deadpan Naturalism The Heart Of A Dog Can Be Read As An Absurd And Wonderfully Comic Story It Can Also Be Seen As A Fierce Parable Of The Russian Revolution , ,, , , , , ,, , .