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Sex, violence, and humor are often painted as low and primitive the signs of a failing culture Yet it is only in cultures with a strong economy and a substantial underclass that such practices can rise from duty to pastime As Knox s introduction reminds us, Ovid s time was one of pervasive divorce, permissive laws, and open adultery, and our humble author participated in all of them.Eventually, the grand tyrant closed his fist over the upper classes, exerting social controls and invoking the moral standard of an imagined golden age in order to snatch power and discredit his rivals Though already a popular and influential author and speaker, Ovid was exiled for being wanton and clever either one he could have gotten away with, but both was too much.Both he and Virgil were sent to the extremities of the empire by Augustus, and both wrote epics to equal Homer s While Virgil s was a capitulation to the emperor, honoring his fictitious lineage and equating heroism with duty, Ovid s was a sly, labyrinthine re imagining of classic tales, drawing equally on the gold of Olympus brow and the muck between a harlot s toes.Ovid remainedcoy about his dirt than Apuleius or Seneca, maintaining plausible deniability with irony and entendre throughout the complex work Every view, vision, and opinion is put forth at some point, and very rarely are they played straight Ovid s characters are remarkable creations, each one a subversion of the familiar legend that surrounds them Of course, by this point many of us arefamiliar with Ovid s versions than the ones he was making light of.Virgil inspired the proud, righteous men of words Dante, Tasso, Milton Ovid created a style for the tricksters and the conflicted Petrarch, Donne, Shakespeare, Ariosto, Rabelais Each of Ovid s myths was a discrete vision, not only by plot, but by theme His tales were not simply presentations of ideas, but explorations that turned back on themselves over and over.The metaphysical poets would come to adopt this style, creating short works that explored themes, even ritualizing the idea s reversal in the sonnet s volta The active, visual nature of Ovid was a progression from the extended metaphors of the philosophers to what could be called a true conceit a symbolic representation at once supportive of and in conflict with the idea it bears.Each of Ovid s tales flows, one into the next, building meaning by relations, counterpoints, repetition, and structure Each small part builds into a grander whole Just as all the sundry stories become a mythology, the many symbolic arguments become a philosophy.Instead of the Virgilian heroic mode, where one man wins, thereby vindicating his philosophy, Ovid shows a hundred victories and losses, creating an aggregate meaning Virgil was writing of what he thought one man should be loyal, pious, righteous, strong, noble Ovid wasinterested in asking what it is possible for a man to be what are the limits of the mind The Greek myths are an attempt to understand the mind, to observe what we do and create types, to develop a system for understanding man In collecting these various tales, Ovid was creating the first psychological diagnostic manual, of which the DSM is the modern child The Greeks invented everything, after all, and here, a few thousand years before Freud, is a remarkably coherent and accurate picture of the mind and its disorders.Freud did littlethan reintroduce the Greek system, which is why his theories the Psyche, the Oedipus Conflict, Narcissism are drawn directly from that source Of course, to any student of literature, it s clear that this is how the terms have always been used All the great works alluded to these Greek ideas because this was the central collection of knowledge about the mind, a set of terms, phrases, and examples which formed the basis of any discussion of the mind.Indeed, the Greeks were much better at it than Freud was he even screwed up the Oedipal Theory, the thing he s best known for, despite the fact that the Greeks had it right from the very beginning.Freud s patients, being middle class Europeans, were raised by nannies and nursemaids until they were of age, and had fairly little interaction with their parents Human beings imprint on people who we are around a great deal before about age six as family , and therefore, out of bounds sexually Since his patients were not around their parents much before this age, they did not imprint correctly Now what s the first thing that happens to Oedipus in the story That s right, he s taken away from his parents and raised elsewhere Cause, disorder, symptom it was all right there, and Freud still missed it.So, Ovid was indeed tackling a grand theme in his tales the mapping of the human mind as it was known to Greece and Rome That isn t to say that there isn t depth and conflict between characters and ideas in Virgil, but his centralized, political theme deprived him of the freedom to move from one idea to the next, as Ovid did.This lack of freedom is a boon for most authors structure gives tangible boundaries and tools with which to create With no boundaries, the author has no place to start, and no markers to guide his path.Imagine a man is given all the parts to a lawnmower His chances of building a lawnmower are pretty high but that s all he can do Now give the same man all the uncut materials and tools in a shop He could build a lawnmower, or nearly any other machine, but it s going to take a lot of doing That kind of freedom real freedom tends to paralyze most people.Likewise, it s easier to write good poetry when the rhyme scheme, scansion, and meter are pre determined than to create a beauty and flow in blank verse Yet Ovid deconstructed his stories, starting and stopping them between books and moving always back and forth He provided himself with absolute freedom, but maintained his flow and progression, even without the crutches of tradition.While his irony and satire are the clearest signs of his remarkable mind, the most impressive is probably this that he flaunted tradition, style, and form, but never faltered in his grand work.Virgil knew what he did when he attached himself to Augustus train likewise Ovid recognized how his simultaneous praise and subversion of Augustus legacy would play none could openly accuse him of treason, but anyone with a solid mind would see the dangerous game Ovid played with his king and patron.He did not shy from critiquing Augustus even as he wrote for him, for his nation, and for history Ovid s parting shot is the famous assertion that as long as Rome s name is spoken aloud, so will be Ovid s This has been echoed since by Chaucer, Shakespeare, and Milton, so that what Ovid realized we would never doubt today.Even banished to the wilderness, out of favor, the only way to silence the artist is to kill him, and this must be done long before he has an audience Augustus got his month, but his empire fell Ovid s empire grows by books and minds each year, and its capital is still The Metamorphoses.I researched long trying to decide on a translation Though there are many competent versions out there, I chose Martin s I recall seeing the cover and coveting it, but distrusting the unknown translation Imagine my surprise when my research turned up my whim.I enjoyed Martin s translation for the same reason I appreciate Fagles the vibrancy, wit, and drive of the language Both are poetic, exciting, risk taking but also knowledgeable and deliberate Every translation is a new work of art, all its own, and I respect translators who don t pretend otherwise.The translators of the fifties werestaunchly academic, capturing meaning and precision, but in enshrining the classics, they fail to take the sorts of risks that make a work bold and artful Contrarily, the early translators, like Pope, recreated the work in their own vernacular not merely as a translation, but as a completely new vision, as Shakespeare s plays are to Plutarch s Lives.Martin and Fagles take themodern approach, championed by the literary style of T.S Eliot and James Joyce, whose works are solidly grounded in their tradition, deliberately and knowledgeably drawn, but with the verve and novelty of the iconoclast There is something particularly fitting in this, since Ovid himself was an iconoclast who mixed formalized tradition with subversion and irony.Martin proved himself utterly fearless in the altercation between the Pierides and the Muses he styles their competing songs as a poetry jam, drawing on the vocal forms of rap music I must admit I was shocked at first, and unable to reconcile, but as I kept reading, I came to realize that it was not my place to question.Translation is the adaptation of one style to another, one word or phrase or invocation to somethingfamiliar In his desire to capture the competition and skill of song in these early contests, he drew on what may be the only recognizable parallel to modern man What is remarkable is not how different the two styles are, but how similar.It is comical, it is a bit absurd, but so was the original and in any case, he is altering the original purpose less than Pope, who translated all of the poetry into anachronism I never thought I would prefer a translation of Ovid which contained the word homie , but if Martin can be true enough to the poetry to write it, I must be brave enough to laud it I still laugh, but only because Martin has revealed to me something of the impossibility and oddity inherent to translation This certainly isn t your grandfather s Ovid, but then, your grandfather s Ovid wasn t the real one, either.I also appreciated Knox s introduction in both Martin s and Fagle s work, though Knox s Homeric background is stronger I found the end notes insightful and useful, though they are never quite numerous enough to suit me but such is the nature of reading a work in translation. I just had to quote this from a review I read DNF at almost halfway through Too much depravity and immorality for me There s a lot of depravity and immorality around now too How does one cope lolPerhaps they would have disagreed with the author of Pure Inside the Evangelical Movement That Shamed a Generation of Young Women and How I Broke Free I don t think I should recommend one of my favourite dirty books, the beautifully written, utterly depraved although surprisingly moral, depending on your point of view Story of O Throughout all ages, If poets have vision to prophesy truth, I shall live in myFame Thus the closing lines of Ovid s Metamorphoses He was certainly right in his statement, but it feels like an appropriate irony that his work has been transformed, metamorphosed, over the millennia since he wrote his compilation of Roman and Greek literature I have known most of the collected stories since my early days at university, but only now finished reading the Metamorphoses as a whole, from cover to cover, and my impression is that Ovid s fame is mostly due to the brilliant interpretation of his text by European visual artists over the centuries Through the metamorphosis from text to visual art, Ovid has stayed famous Bernini s Apollo and Daphne symbolises itaccurately than any other myth retold in the collection a god chasing a young nymph, who slowly transforms into a laurel tree to avoid sexual assault, only to find herself the eternal symbol of Apollo s high status, and the honorable prize for literary or artistic fame Ovid is resting on those laurels, wearing his Apollonian laurel wreath as is Bernini, who can proudly compete with Pygmalion in the skill with which he made the marble leaves come alive, transforming hard stone into delicate art.I knew I would be going on a tour through art history when I embarked on the Ovid journey, and I enjoyed every minute of it, often reading with a pile of art books next to me As a pleasant extra surprise, I found myself revisiting several favourite Greek plays from a different narrative perspective, focusing on the transforming powers of dramatic storytelling rather than on unity of time, place and action Hercules story unfolded from a new angle, as did many of the Trojan and Minoan adventures.After finishing Virgil s The Aeneid a couple of months ago, the short summary of Aeneas adventures was welcome as well Generally speaking, the Metamorphoses can be viewed as a Who s Who in the Ancient Roman and Greek cosmos, with a clear bias in favour of the Roman empire and its virtues There are fewer long fight scenes than in the Iliad or the Aeneid, which makes it apleasant, less repetitive narrative, once the Centaurs and Lapiths are done with their violent duties.After decades of immersing myself in the world of ancient mythology, I found the Metamorphoses to be an easy and lighthearted reading experience When I read excerpts from it during my early university years, I struggled to recognise and place all those famous characters It is a matter of being able to see the context, and background knowledge is a clear advantage.I just wish my Latin was strong enough it must be a special pleasure to read it in original Claude opus 1000 Metamorph se n libr The Metamorphoses Books of Transformations, OvidThe Metamorphoses is a Latin narrative poem by the Roman poet Ovid, considered his magnum opus Comprising 11,995 lines, 15 books and over 250 myths, the poem chronicles the history of the world from its creation to the deification of Julius Caesar within a loose mythic historical framework 2014 1389 622 9789641650348 There s honestly something deeply fascinating to me about reading the words of someone who lived 2000 years ago, who wrote these exact words 2000 years ago, and though I completely understand why reading translation is done I think reading translated lit is amazing it is undoubtedlyinteresting to read this word by word, to see connotations and derivatives and line breaks and literary devices So yes, I read this in the original Latin With the help of a lot of vocabulary lists because I don t speak Latin as fluently as I would like to Shouldn t passing an AP exam make you fluent Anyway Ovid s language is so good Some story reviews follow Deucalion Pyrrha, 1.348 415 This is the story of an apocalypse, or in this case, a failed apocalypse This is the story of a world empty inanem and of two lovers at its fall, attempting to bring it back The language of this is so sweepingly gorgeous the image of Deucalion and Pyrrha in front of the Themis watered down altar is deeply satisfying Very Adam and Eve and very satisfying Daphne Apollo, 1.452 657 Daphne and Apollo is a story that would be cool to see done by like, Catullus Poem 64 the only bitch in this house I respect In general conceit, it is about a woman who does not want to get married being chased down by a man who just really wants to have sex with her until she turns herself into a tree And there s definitely an air of blaming her for beauty here the line but that beauty forbids you to be that which you wish, and your form beauty opposes your desire is fucked up and sad, as well as the ending destroy by changing my beauty by which I please too much The best thing that can be said about this is that the line let your bow strike everything, oh Phoebus, but let my bow strike you is so satisfying Jupiter Io, 1.583 746 I absolutely hate this story This is the one where I decided that he needs to avoid the women being chased and maybe raped but I will mention this with exactly one word thing rapuit In a situation evenegregious than that of Daphne and Apollo, she is given no character development whatsoever and the general story just angers me, up until around line 630, where she attempts to talk to her father Inachus She came to the riverbanks, where she was accustomed to play often, and when she saw in the water, her new horns, she grew frightened and fled having been terrified of herself the repetition of the riverbanks here is especially arresting I did find this line sort of satisfying It is cruel to surrender his love, but suspicious not to give it is shame, what would urge him from that, Amor dissuades this Shame would would have been conquered by Love, but if this trivial gift were refused to the companion of his race and bed as a heifer, it would be able to appear to be no heifer 617 621 The Ride of Phaethon, 2.150 339 This one is wonderful I really enjoyed the figurative language and dramatic, ironic setup of this story the horses hit the doors with their feet 155 and then snatch the path 158 The chariot being shaken on high 166 is a great detail, and the journey into the rapidly heating constellations is just incredible and not just incredibly hard to translate Lots of apostrophe and several rhetorical questions build this into a gorgeous story I absolutely adored this set of lines I am bemoaning the lesser things great cities destruct with their walls, and with their peoples the fires whole nations turn into ashes and the forests along with the mountains burn 214 216 This section was so good that I forgave it for meaning I had to learn almost 200 lines of translation in a month for a test Me my 96 on the test say hi Pyramus Thisbe, 4.55 166Pyramus and Thisbe, the one the most handsome of youths, the other outstanding that which they were not able to deny, equally they both burned with their minds captured Ah, Pyramus and Thisbe, the original tragic lovers The only context I have seen this story appear in previously is Shakespeare s A Midsummer Night s Dream, a version that is deeply comedic But this story is, despite some stupidity in plot, so well written. This flaw had been noted by no one through the long years but what does love not detect Ovid asks this love affair seems almost inevitable, deeply wrapped around fate and tragedy How difficult would it be, that you could allow us to be joined with whole bodies, or, if this is too much, that you should open this wall for kisses to be given Of course, this story ends badly And it is Pyramus fault Thisbe is a bitch with common sense and did nothing wrong The Fall of Icarus, 8.152 235The shame of the family had grown, and was exposing the disgusting adultery of his mother by the novelty of the two formed monster THE FALL OF ICARUS Okay this has always been one of my favorite stories of all time, and reading it in Ovid s original Latin was such a cool experience This story is framed by a description and depiction of the tragedy of the minotaur and the abandonment of poor Ariadne Catulluspoem64 I loved Daedalus intro for his plan it is permitted that he block the land and sea but certainly the sky lies open we will go that way And the fall of Icarus is equally emotional, beautifully conveyed through the image of a herder and fisherman watching him, up to its ending and his lips, shouting out the name of his father are taken up by the blue water, water which has taken up its name from him Anyway, I hope y all appreciated my original Latin translation skills pouring into this review I SPEND A LOT OF TIME THINKING ABOUT LATIN AND I M HONESTLY SO PROUD TO BE SHARING IT.Blog Goodreads Twitter Instagram Youtube What the fuck Ovid Save some brilliance for the rest of us. The great thing about Ovid s Metamorphoses is that it doesn t force you to take it so seriously It s still remarkably vivid, considering its age, and there is hardly a dull moment in it You can actually read it just for pure pleasure Its wild stories about transformations from one shape to another can be so entertaining, that your first reaction in reading it probably won t be to ask yourself weighty questions like Hmm, I wonder what insights this ancient book offers into the structure of the cosmos, or the essence of existence, or the development of the human imagination Well it just so happens that Ovid s poem does offer insights into all of these things but you can think of the deeper levels as an added bonus Basically, the poem s answer lies in its central theme of change For Ovid, the physical world is constantly changing, and so is human life through birth and death, love, hatred, achievement, and failure Most important, however, is his portrayal of the human imagination not so much because of anything he says about it, but because of how he puts it into action You d be hard pressed to find any other author, ancient or modern, who is so bursting with ideas about how to tell a story Metamorphoses is a wide ranging account of Greek and Roman mythology, and this epic of transformations is itself one continuous transformation One moment you re reading one story, and then realize with a start, that you re in the middle of the next one By the slightest of hand, Ovid has used one character,or location, or detail in the first tale to segue into the next Like the stones rising into men and women, or Arachne s shrinking into a spider, the poem is in a constant state of flux It is a technique that, irony of ironies gives the work its permanence and coherence.Being familiar with most of the stories, I have noticed that Ovid isn t giving a straightforward retelling of the myths Instead, he is constantly twisting them around to his own purposes, making them look ridiculous, or fixating on details that are strange or grotesque I think he pulled this off quite well with a witty and humorous tone By keeping things light, he lets the reader in on the joke At the same time, however, Ovid also deals with some pretty heavy stuff, and sometimes he does seem to take a strange amount of pleasure in his characters suffering I rarely witness comedy and tragedy work so well together as in this book.I think this is one of the books you need to read in your lifetime Don t let its heft intimidate you, you don t even have to read it all the way through If you want a taste of what it s about, you can pretty much start anywhere you want, or just look in the index to find your favorite myths, and go straight to those In this way, it s sort of like an all you can eat buffet with the difference that, once you get hooked, you re likely to go ahead and eat the whole thing. To read this in English is to not have read it The few Latin verses I could read and understand werepleasurable than all the wonderful myths and twisted fates The verses take the form of what it describes, they flow or pause or rear up along with its subject The translation feels beautiful at those rare times when I can call to mind some of the great works of art inspired by those artists who loved and lived these verses No statues were made by artists inspired by translations. Book the First Of bodies chang d to various forms, I sing The world is a constant changes Everything moves and one thing always changes into the other.The earth was created by the god unknown as a sphere hanging in space And life there was an idyll no crimes, no enmity no wars From veins of vallies, milk and nectar broke And honey sweating through the pores of oak But then the human history started and the deterioration began Truth, modesty, and shame, the world forsook Fraud, avarice, and force, their places took Sins multiply and on observing the cases of cannibalism, Jove decides to destroy the sinful seed with the global deluge and to plant new generation of human beings sowing stones and turning them into males and females What the man threw, assum d a manly face And what the wife, renew d the female race And then the multiple, fantastic and fabulous metamorphoses of deities commenced Changes, alterations, transformations Book the Second Now it s time for incompetent Phaeton to take his disastrous trip through the sky Th astonisht youth, where e er his eyes cou d turn, Beheld the universe around him burn The world was in a blaze nor cou d he bear The sultry vapours and the scorching air And the corresponding place in the Bible Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven Genesis 19 24 Both events are probably the references to the Minoan eruption of Thera, which was a major catastrophic volcanic eruption Dated to the mid second millennium BCE, the eruption was one of the largest volcanic events on Earth in recorded history.Arrogant deities keep intriguing, fornicating and stealing shamelessly And they are ready to use any means Livid and meagre were her looks, her eye In foul distorted glances turn d awry A hoard of gall her inward parts possess d, And spread a greenness o er her canker d breast Her teeth were brown with rust, and from her tongue, In dangling drops, the stringy poison hung This description of Envy is flowery and magnificent.Deception and revenge are the way of Gods Book the Third No one, except the major deities, is safe from a pernicious metamorphosis and fatal perishment Transformations are miraculous and unpredictable Actaeon into a stag Tiresias into a woman Narcissus into a flower Echo into an incorporeal voice and mariners into dolphins The archetype of dragon seems to have been known since the most ancient times And the sowing of the dragon s teeth have afterwards become the attribute of many fairytales He sows the teeth at Pallas s command, And flings the future people from his hand The story of Tiresias as an arbiter of male and female sexual pleasures is the most picturesque The sense of pleasure in the male is far More dull and dead, than what you females share Juno the truth of what was said deny d Tiresias therefore must the cause decide, For he the pleasure of each sex had try d Much earlier Tiresias appears in Homer s Odyssey as a prophetic ghost in the land of the dead Then came also the ghost of Theban Teiresias, with his golden sceptre in his hand He knew me and said, Ulysses, noble son of Laertes, why, poor man, have you left the light of day and come down to visit the dead in this sad place Stand back from the trench and withdraw your sword that I may drink of the blood and answer your questions truly So I drew back, and sheathed my sword, whereon when he had drank of the blood he began with his prophecy In the last century Tiresias was mentioned in the progressive rock song The Cinema Show by Genesis Once a man, like the sea I raged, Once a woman, like the earth I gave The tale of Narcissus is an allegory of egocentrism and the story of Pentheus is a fable of the foolish obduracy Book the Fourth An intrigue of The Story of Pyramus and Thisbe, especially in the end, reminds of that in Romeo and Juliet Then in his breast his shining sword he drown d, And fell supine, extended on the ground As out again the blade lie dying drew, Out spun the blood, and streaming upwards flew Now it is clear where the inspiration came from As when the stock and grafted twig combin d Shoot up the same, and wear a common rind Both bodies in a single body mix, A single body with a double sex The image of Hermaphroditus was integrated both in poetry and in modern pop culture Where between sleep and life some brief space is, With love like gold bound round about the head, Sex to sweet sex with lips and limbs is wed, Turning the fruitful feud of hers and his To the waste wedlock of a sterile kiss Algernon Charles Swinburne Hermaphroditus From a dense forest of tall dark pinewood, Mount Ida rises like an island Within a hidden cave, nymphs had kept a child Hermaphroditus, son of gods, so afraid of their love Genesis The Fountain of SalmacisThe gods have a rich imagination and a wry sense of humour so the miraculous changes they work on the others are unpredictable Book the Fifth The description of the massacre at the feast is a pure satire Who can be a match for Perseus possessing such a mighty weapon of mass destruction as Medusa s head Weak was th usurper, as his cause was wrong Where Gorgon s head appears, what arms are strong When Perseus to his host the monster held, They soon were statues, and their king expell d Lewd Pyreneus decided to keep all the Muses in his private harem but they turned into birds and flew away while the unlucky libertine lacking creative imagination just fell from a tower Then, in a flying posture wildly plac d, And daring from that height himself to cast, The wretch fell headlong, and the ground bestrew d With broken bones, and stains of guilty blood And the tale of Ceres and Proserpine is one of the archetypal myths explaining the existence of seasons Jove some amends for Ceres lost to make, Yet willing Pluto shou d the joy partake, Gives em of Proserpine an equal share, Who, claim d by both, with both divides the year The Goddess now in either empire sways, Six moons in Hell, and six with Ceres stays Book the Sixth In the tales of Arachne and Niobe Ovid just ridicules the vainglory and smugness of gods and their unmotivated cruelty too Next she design d Asteria s fabled rape, When Jove assum d a soaring eagle s shape And shew d how Leda lay supinely press d, Whilst the soft snowy swan sate hov ring o er her breast, How in a satyr s form the God beguil d, When fair Antiope with twins he fill d Then, like Amphytrion, but a real Jove, In fair Alcmena s arms he cool d his love Arachne s tapestry is a set of sheer evidences against gods lechery and she has obviously won but Goddess in fury destroyed the masterpiece and turned Arachne into a spider This the bright Goddess passionately mov d, With envy saw, yet inwardly approv d The scene of heav nly guilt with haste she tore, Nor longer the affront with patience bore A boxen shuttle in her hand she took, Andthan once Arachne s forehead struck And so it is with a coldblooded murder of Niobe s children.The tale of Tereus, Procne and Philomela is something like a horror mystery told in the goriest hues But soon her tongue the girding pinchers strain, With anguish, soon she feels the piercing pain Oh father father would fain have spoke, But the sharp torture her intention broke In vain she tries, for now the blade has cut Her tongue sheer off, close to the trembling root This book is a very sanguinary one Book the Seventh Medea knows her witchcraft In a large cauldron now the med cine boils, Compounded of her late collected spoils, Blending into the mesh the various pow rs Of wonder working juices, roots, and flow rs With gems i th eastern ocean s cell refin d, And such as ebbing tides had left behind To them the midnight s pearly dew she flings, A scretch owl s carcase, and ill boding wings Nor could the wizard wolf s warm entrails scape That wolf who counterfeits a human shape Fillet of a fenny snake, In the cauldron boil and bake Eye of newt and toe of frog, Wool of bat and tongue of dog, Adder s fork and blind worm s sting, Lizard s leg and howlet s wing, For a charm of pow rful trouble, Like a hell broth boil and bubble William Shakespeare MacbethThe methods of witches and their cooking recipes hardly changed since Ovid s time.This book seems to be less impressive than the previous ones Book the Eighth The greater part of the book is the tales of traitorous Scylla and hunting for the ferocious boar.The most famous legends of Minotaur These private walls the Minotaur include, Who twice was glutted with Athenian blood But the third tributesuccessful prov d, Slew the foul monster, and the plague remov d When Theseus, aided by the virgin s art, Had trac d the guiding thread thro ev ry part, He took the gentle maid, that set him free, And, bound for Dias, cut the briny sea There, quickly cloy d, ungrateful, and unkind, Left his fair consort in the isle behind and Icarus When now the boy, whose childish thoughts aspire To loftier aims, and make him ramble high r, Grown wild, and wanton,embolden d flies Far from his guide, and soars among the skies The soft ning wax, that felt a nearer sun, Dissolv d apace, and soon began to run The youth in vain his melting pinions shakes, His feathers gone, no longer air he takes Oh Father, father, as he strove to cry, Down to the sea he tumbled from on high, And found his Fate yet still subsists by fame, Among those waters that retain his name are told just en passant And the beautiful story of Philemon and Baucis is most warmhearted and even romantic Book the Ninth Vicissitudes of love keep ruling over both gods and mortals I liked how an origin of cornucopia was described Nor yet his fury cool d twixt rage and scorn, From my maim d front he tore the stubborn horn This, heap d with flow rs, and fruits, the Naiads bear, Sacred to plenty, and the bounteous year And the process of turning of Heracles into a constellation was beautiful So when Alcides mortal mold resign d, His better part enlarg d, and grew refin d August his visage shone almighty Jove In his swift carr his honour d offspring drove High o er the hollow clouds the coursers fly, And lodge the hero in the starry sky I especially enjoyed the tale of Iphis and Ianthe Even Egyptian goddess Isis had her finger in the pie she assisted two girls in love with each other transforming one of them into a youth making thus their love legal Not much in fear, nor fully satisfy d But Iphis follow d with a larger stride The whiteness of her skin forsook her face Her looks embolden d with an awful grace Her features, and her strength together grew, And her long hair to curling locks withdrew Her sparkling eyes with manly vigour shone, Big was her voice, audacious was her tone The latent parts, at length reveal d, began To shoot, and spread, and burnish into man The maid becomes a youth nodelay Your vows, but look, and confidently pay All we need is love Book the Tenth Story of Orpheus and Eurydice seems to be most popular in the world of poetry, arts, literature and even music And Never look back is also an archetypal motif in myths, the Bible Lot s wife and many fairytales all over the world They well nigh now had pass d the bounds of night, And just approach d the margin of the light, When he, mistrusting lest her steps might stray, And gladsome of the glympse of dawning day, His longing eyes, impatient, backward cast To catch a lover s look, but look d his last For, instant dying, she again descends, While he to empty air his arms extends Pygmalion carved his statue in ivory Yet fearing idleness, the nurse of ill, In sculpture exercis d his happy skill And carv d in iv ry such a maid, so fair, As Nature could not with his art compare so it couldn t be bigger than a figurine or a statuette but the story goes as if it were lifesize.And the clinical case of Myrrha s incestual lust is told in a weird psychoanalytical style of Sigmund Freud.And anemone is an extremely anemic flower Still here the Fate of lovely forms we see, So sudden fades the sweet Anemonie The feeble stems, to stormy blasts a prey, Their sickly beauties droop, and pine away Book the Eleventh Orpheus has met the bitter end he was ripped to shreds by drunken Maenads His mangled limbs lay scatter d all around, His head, and harp a better fortune found In Hebrus streams they gently roul d along, And sooth d the waters with a mournful song Somehow, this reminded me of the mass hysteria of the Beatles concerts in the middle of the sixties Ever since my childhood I was fascinated with the fable of King Midas I enjoyed both his golden touch foolishness He pluck d the corn, and strait his grasp appears Fill d with a bending tuft of golden ears, and his award of ass s ears Fix d on his noddle an unseemly pair, Flagging, and large, and full of whitish hair Without a total change from what he was, Still in the man preserves the simple ass Pan tun d the pipe, and with his rural song Pleas d the low taste of all the vulgar throng Such songs a vulgar judgment mostly please, Midas was there, and Midas judg d with these It reads exactly as if Ovid portrayed the showbiz and music critics of today.And Ceyx s hapless attempt at seafaring is in a way quite antithetical to The Odyssey An universal cry resounds aloud, The sailors run in heaps, a helpless crowd Art fails, and courage falls, no succour near As many waves, as many deaths appear The sea always was a merciless widow maker. `READ KINDLE ✒ The Metamorphoses ↠ Niets Blijft En Niets Vergaat Dat Is De Grondgedachte Van Ovidius Imposante Gedicht Metamorphosen De Dichter Neemt De Lezer Mee Vanaf Chaos Tot En Met De Komst Van De Grote Keizer Augustus De Meest Wonderbaarlijke Verhalen Passeren De Revue Over Pha Ton En De Zonnewagen, Over Narcissus En Echo, Daedalus En Icarus En Nog Heel Veel Andere Inmiddels Beroemde Antieke Personages Zijn Werk Is N Lange, Betoverende Reeks Van Gedaanteverwisselingen