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every gift is erotic The pleasure of giving is a sexual pleasure Sharon OldsMy buddy Alec pointed me to a passage in Sedgwick s A Dialog on Love where she identifies a post Proustian kind of love a circle of lovers small enough that you eventually get back all of the erotic energy you d sent around But, she imagines, the circle could be big enough that you could never even know whether the system was closedthe point could only lie in valuing all the transformations and transitivities in all directions for their difference, trans i ness, and their skilled nature An exchange economy transformed into a gift economy And Whitman s twenty eight young bathers another gift economy An unseen hand passes over their bodies, descending, trembling, from temples and ribs They do not ask who seizes fast to them, They do not know who puffs and declines with pendant and bending arch, They do not think whom they souse with spray Who is gifting whom in this erotic economy remains entirely unclear And Melville s crew Squeeze squeeze all the morning long I squeezed that sperm till I myself almost melted in ita strange sort of insanitysqueezing my collaborator s hands in itan abounding, affectionate, friendly, loving feelingcontinually squeezing their handsand looking into their eyeslet us squeeze ourselves into each other let us squeeze ourselves universally into the very milk and sperm of kindnessfor ever For Derrida in debt to the alterity of Levinas , metaphysics itself is a kind of hospitality characterized by an unlimited openness to the Other, a demand for hospitality that precedes all revelation and obligates all humans to welcome every other in an infinite obligation to hospitality The ethical claim is absolute, and translating it into politics a problem This perspective informs his thinking on the gift The gift is that which interrupts economy, that which in suspending economic calculation, no longer gives rise to exchange The gift defies reciprocity or symmetry that which is given must not come back to the giver as it would in an economic system Indeed, neither the gifter nor the recipient can recognize the gift as gift the former would thereby give back to himself symbolically the value of what he thinks he has given for the latter, recognition becomes gratitude, a return that annuls the gift as gift A true gift cannot be recognized as such The gift is at the limit impossible, the very figure of the impossible Pierre Bourdieu steps into this thread arguing that gift giving is based on an individual and collective denial of interest and calculation, a common misrecognition everyone does and does not know want to know the true nature of the exchange Generous conduct is thus not a product of choice but something that presents itself as the only thing to do The philosophy of the mind and conscious intention must be left behind to understand the gift, which is only available to agents endowed with dispositions adjusted to the logic of disinterestedness Bourdieu ultimately calls for the purely speculative and typically scholastic question ouch of whether generosity and disinterestedness are possible to give way to the political question of the means that have to be implemented in order to create universes in which, as in gift economies, people have an interest in disinterestedness and generosity. I really did like it, I think it was just too much for me at the time.That being said, it really is incredible stuff, and Derrida is an incredible, unparalleled thinker. Much can be and has already been said about Derrida s style of writing, so I won t repeat the well worn criticism about the meandering, the repetition, the writing as though thinking through writing etc In some of his work his style is less bothersome than others, here it seems his topic has him touching on themes that are not at all his strength and ths he meanders as a means to connect the threads without necessarily having a bigger thesis connecting them as one finds out upon completing the book I will say that he produces a concept that of the gift that will have zero practicality for 99% of the world, but in doing so unearthed extremely interesting questions, few of which he gives answers to From a literary standpoint, the book is highly disjointed with little connection between the first and later halves of the books and the ending leaves you wanting something tangible than the scatering of theses non theses made throughout the pages He invites you to read into so much but takes the risk to say so little, I cannot give than 3 stars. Though I balked five pages into Grammatology this was much readable Need to be somewhat familiar with The Gift by Marcel Mauss Also need to be willing to really stop and think about the wordplay present, serpent Ouroboros , give, gift which means poison in some languages it s all in the words Philosophy I remember the paper I wrote for this book no fun. &Download E-pub ✓ Given Time: I.Counterfeit Money ☟ Is Giving Possible Is It Possible To Give Without Immediately Entering Into A Circle Of Exchange That Turns The Gift Into A Debt To Be Returned This Question Leads Jacques Derrida To Make Out An Irresolvable Paradox At What Seems The Most Fundamental Level Of The Gift S Meaning For The Gift To Be Received As A Gift, It Must Not Appear As Such, Since Its Mere Appearance As Gift Puts It In The Cycle Of Repayment And DebtDerrida Reads The Relation Of Time To Gift Through A Number Of Texts Heidegger S Time And Being, Mauss S The Gift, As Well As Essays By Benveniste And Levi Strauss That Assume Mauss S Legacy It Is, However, A Short Tale By Baudelaire, Counterfeit Money, That Guides Derrida S Analyses Throughout At Stake In His Reading Of The Tale, To Which The Second Half Of This Book Is Devoted, Are The Conditions Of Gift And Forgiveness As Essentially Bound Up With The Movement Of Dissemination, A Concept That Derrida Has Been Working Out For Many YearsFor Both Readers Of Baudelaire And Students Of Literary Theory, This Work Will Prove Indispensable