DOWNLOAD ☲ Fathers and Sons ☣

Ivan Turgenev s 1862 novel Fathers Children is a striking political story of intra generational conflict and resolution set in provincial Russia during the late spring and early summer of 1859 ie shortly before the emancipation of the serfs Arkady Kirsanov returns to his father s estate with his friend and idol Bazarov and so a father figure in several ways , the two idle about there and in a couple of other places before the novel ends extremely peacefully view spoiler I laugh view spoilerHowever passionate, sinful, rebellious the heart buried in this grave, the flowers growing on it look out at us serenely with their innocent eyes they tell us not only of that eternal peace, that great peace of indifferent nature they tell us also of eternal reconciliation and life ever lastinghide spoiler Fathers feel that they now belong to bygone times and sons feel that they have learned enough to indoctrinate new scientific theories and philosophies to the fathers This happens today and this happened in this realistic classical work, based on the Russian society of mid 19th century The story begins with two brothers First one, Nikolai Petrovitch, who had lost his wife, but there remained a sense of well spent life, as his son was growing up under his eyes and, second Pavel Petrovitch, on the contrary, was a solitary bachelor, who was entering upon a certain kind of indefinite twilight period of regrets that are akin to hopes, and hopes that are akin to regrets, when youth is over, while old age has not yet come.On one fine day of May 1859, Nikolai receives his son Arkady, who has just finished his graduation from University of PetersbergSo here you are, a graduate at last, and come home again, said Nikolai Petrovitch, touching Arkady now on the shoulder, now on the knee At last.Here comes the most interesting character of this novel Mr Bazarov, who is a friend of Arkady and has returned with him He stays at the estate of Arkady s father for some time before going to his own family place.Bazarov a very clever and intelligent young man who has a strong sense of conviction and aggression about his thoughts and words He scorns art, family life, and women He is representative of the theory of Nihilism I did not know if this concept of nihilism was already popular at that time in Russia or was made popular by Turgenev through this book Then I learned that the epithet of nihilism was in use since 1829 and this book only extended its interpretation.Bazarov does not believe in anything He only believes in himself He is cynical about his love affairs and he does not at all care about the paternal tenderness One day he sees the father of Arkady reading Pushkin and he says to Arkady.The day before yesterday I saw him reading Pushkin , Bazarov was continuing meanwhile Explain to him, please, that that is no earthly use He is not a boy you know it s time to throw up that rubbish And what an idea to be romantic at this time of day Give him something sensible to read What ought I to give him Asked Arkady Oh, I think Buchner s Stoff and raft to begin withBazarov is full of scientific theories and he has plans for the mankind and for lower classes but Pavel Petrovitch, uncle of Arkady, slowly inculcates the vehement feeling of contempt to Bazarov, because of his nihilist ideology, which somewhere in the middle of the story, takes the form of a very unnecessary and egoistic clash in the form of a duel between them This classic story moves ahead in style and covers multiple themes and contexts I came to know that Turgenev was an enthusiastic hunter and it was his experience in the woods of his native province that supplied material for A Sportsman s Sketches , the book that had first brought him a reputation.I have not read it yet, however, I witnessed a different sort of hunting abilities of the author in this book He has hunted the prevailing belief and order through his character of Bazarov, whom he has made so strong that all existing philosophies die away in front of him You may not like him for his rudeness and crudity but you would certainly get impressed by his astonishing brilliance.I got a wonderful picture of Russian society, of its aristocracy, of its middle class and of its peasantry life The content of this book is very rich in its prose and style I read two different translations of this work I enjoyed both I found nothing unnecessary in the plot, one thing complemented the other Conversation among the characters are extremely lively and at those places, I was nearly absorbed with the characters and ambiance Though he has not created any dominated woman character here, the fancy towards young girls is well depicted Conflict of personality in male characters and struggle against the clutches of circumstances among female characters can be felt at many places.As a reader, I can not besatisfied when I find the characters of a book so real and engrossing that they go directly into me and get embedded somewhere within me with their own viewpoints and tenets I would very much like to readof this great writer, I have already enlisted some of his major works. DOWNLOAD ♊ Fathers and Sons ♵ Bazarov A Gifted, Impatient, And Caustic Young Man Has Journeyed From School To The Home Of His Friend Arkady Kirsanov But Soon Bazarov S Outspoken Rejection Of Authority And Social Conventions Touches Off Quarrels, Misunderstandings, And Romantic Entanglements That Will Utterly Transform The Kirsanov Household And Reflect The Changes Taking Place Across All Of Nineteenth Century Russia Fathers And Sons Enraged The Old And The Young, Reactionaries, Romantics, And Radicals Alike When It Was First Published At The Same Time, Turgenev Won The Acclaim Of Flaubert, Maupassant, And Henry James For His Craftsmanship As A Writer And His Psychological Insight Fathers And Sons Is Now Considered One Of The Greatest Novels Of The Nineteenth CenturyA Timeless Depiction Of Generational Conflict During Social Upheaval, It Vividly Portrays The Clash Between The Older Russian Aristocracy And The Youthful Radicalism That Foreshadowed The Revolution To Come And Offers Modern Day Readers Much To Reflect Upon As They Look Around At Their Own Tumultuous, Ever Changing World Introduction By Jane Costlow 874 Fathers and Sons Fathers and Children, Ivan TurgenevFathers and Sons Russian Ottsy i deti , also translatedliterally as Fathers and Children, is an 1862 novel by Ivan Turgenev, and ties with A Nest of Gentlefolk for the repute of being his best novel.Major characters Yevgeny Vasilevich Bazarov A nihilist and medical student Arkady Nikolaevich Kirsanov A recent graduate of St Petersburg University and friend of Bazarov Nikolai Petrovich Kirsanov A landlord, a liberal democrat, Arkady s father.Pavel Petrovich Kirsanov Nikolai s brother and a bourgeois with aristocratic pretensions, who prides himself on his refinement but, like his brother, is reform minded.Vasily Ivanovich Bazarov Bazarov s father, a retired army surgeon, and a small countryside land serf holder Arina Vlasevna Bazarova Bazarov s mother A very traditional woman of the 15th century Moscovy style aristocracy a pious follower of Orthodox Christianity, woven with folk tales and falsehoods.Anna Sergevna Odintsova A wealthy widow who entertains the nihilist friends at her estate.Katerina Katya Sergeevna Lokteva The younger sister of Anna She lives comfortably with her sister but lacks confidence, finding it hard to escape Anna Sergeevna s shadow.Feodosya Fenechka Nikolayevna The daughter of Nikolai s late housekeeper, with whom he has fallen in love and fathered a child out of wedlock.Viktor Sitnikov A pompous and foolhardy friend of Bazarov who joins populist ideals and groups Like Arkady, he is heavily influenced by Bazarov in his ideals.Avdotya Evdoksia Nikitishna Kukshina An emancipated woman who lives in the town of X Kukshina is independent but rather eccentric and incapable as a proto feminist, despite her potential 1977 1334 333 356 1351 356 1356 1365 1365 1375 1388 298 9789646205963 1392 19 1364 351 1367 1368 351 1396 292 9786009732821 1818 1883 18401840 1862 This book is a real classic of russian literature.The language is understandable and psychological depth The main character Basarov is the first nihilist of world literature, and rejects all conventional moral concepts Even in love, he sees nothing but the helplessness of lonely people and distances himself from her When he finally falls in love, his worldview collapses Also next to the main character you will meet interesting characters and it s just fun to read this book Fathers and Sons is one of the best known Russian social novels, which portrays the sensitivities of Russia in the mid nineteenth century very vividly Absolutelly recomendable. If you want to read a great Russian novel, but your wrists are to weak for Karenina or Brothers K, this is your jam It s almost allegorical in its deployment of the characters various philosophies, but they re so human it s like watching Chekhov play across the page For a book written in the mid late 19th century, it s amazingly relevant a pithy study of conservativism, liberalism, radicalism, quietism, and filial love and rebellion The bad tempered anarchist, Bazarov, is a character for the ages I bought copies for my dad and both my brothers. Tremendous Forget the patchy, barely coherent A Hero of Our Time This is your pre Tolstoy, pre Dostoevsky almost excusing a decade or two Russian masterpiece Do you want to be a nihilist with a casual interest in botany and medicine Do you sneer at aristocratic values but have the hots for a milf with a vassal soaked estate Do you treat your father s house like a hotel, and only pay fleeting three year visits, during which you torment your poor mother and her servants Do you want to snog your best friend s father s girlfriend because you like her cute bastard Then, my nonfriends, Bazarov is the bloke for you Richard Freeborn s translation makes use of British slang for the chummy moments, i.e mate, which is arguably better than dude, but only by a whisper Apart from that, the excellence of Ivan s best one shines through These gimps on the cover are piggishly apt. He has no faith in princee ples, only in frogs.Turgenev has a reputation of being a novelists novelist admired by such fastidious readers as Gustave Flaubert, Henry James, and Joseph Conrad and now I can see why Though quite different in temperament, he reminds me of Jane Austen or E.M Forster in his seamless mastery of technique and his delicate touch Apart from the epilogue a 19th century staple , this novel makes do with very little of the cranking plot mechanics used by so many Victorian novelists Rather, Turgenev weaves naturalistic scenes together in such a way that the plot, though orderly indeed, is tactfully concealed, like a skinny mannequin under a billowing dress.But what is most impressive about this book is that, amid the sweetly flowing prose and the keen descriptions, Turgenev has inserted one of literature s great characters Bazarov, the nihilist a term he popularized On the one hand, Bazarov is the quintessential insufferable college graduate, pointing out the flaws in society without suggesting any remedies On the other hand, unlike most of these brave young souls, Bazarov is actually a man of genius with an oddly compelling worldview At the very least he has charisma And history has only made Bazarovfascinating He is, by turns, a proto Bolshevik and a proto existentialist calling for revolution in the midst of the absurdity of existence Turgenev must have been quite the observer to so effectively anticipate the political and intellectual revolutionaries of the coming century.Turgenev s winning touch is his ability to make the reader switch sympathies At times Bazarov is littlethan an arrogant lout yet at other moments he is admirable and almost heroic and at still others he is pitiable and deeply human The same goes for every other character Arcady s uncle, Paul, is exemplary in this respect a man of elegance, tact, and civility, who is at times commendable and at times an outrageous buffoon Few novelists have such an prodigious ability to render complex yet believable personalities In sum, the very fact that Turgenev wrote a novel about generational conflict that managed to deeply offend both fathers and sons shows the truth of his portrayals This is a classic in every sense of the word. Fathers and Sons FS apparently pleased no one on in Russia on publication, and if not precisely shocked the muchadumbre, then surely ruffled feathers and rubbed salt in fresh wounds that, in any event, is the general promise in the blurb on the back cover of the book Goody I like a scandal better than the next person, for sure So I tore into it with gusto.Alas, though There is no scandal to be had here I mean, not even remotely not even a whiff of it The big brouhaha seems to evolve around the character of Bazarov, a self proclaimed nihilist, who does naught else but pontificate grandly throughout rejects everything on principle or perhaps as a principle as being outmoded, unscientific and stupid , but has no new platform to offer As he puts it, first lets destroy everything, raze it to the ground, and we ll worry about re building later Having said that, there is no razing to be done here either FS is really very peaceful the plot line is singularly simple in fact, if it were any simpler, there d be NO plot line Two rather lazy graduates, Arcady and Bazarov, travel from one paternal home to another, back and forth, stopping off on the way at Nicholshoe, the estate of two sisters Katya and Anna Odinskaya, who become the love interests respectively which conveniently lies exactly on the flight path , thus ensuring a straightline trajectory back and forth, the main point of which is not to bother the reader too much with the intricacies of plot Just for the sake of completeness, although this is a character driven novel, there isn t an overabundance of those either Arcady and Bazarov are conveniently only children a rather contrived coincidence at a time when there were just no stoppers on procreation This of course is a ploy to create an chamber ensemble where philosophical ideas can flow purely and purposefully without dilution from multiple voices So, having set up this simple mis en scene, Turgenev sets on to the nitty gritty then.Bazarov isn t going to shock anyone today In fact, his raison d etre is practically the building blocks of our modern yoof rebels without a cause Bazarov who did have a cause has, in fact, been reincarnated in that iconic trope of our times, the Kevin This might very well be a Britishism, but everyone will know what I mean But why was Bazarov so shocking back then Clearly, I can t let this go I mean, Bazarov shocked a whole nation in 1861, what kind of apathetic reader can let this slide by without further investigation if they don t know why Deep internet trawls reveal a background of a humiliated intelligentsia on the back of the loss of the Crimean War, aware Russia has been left behind in the European technological, ideological and business development stakes, and deeply split on how to fix this The Slavophiles, whose Bakunin style popular concept of negation and denouncement of Alexander II reforms including the emancipation of serfs in 1861 vs The Westernisers, Turgenev amongst them , who, although operating without a clear and consistent political doctrine, support all things western in their search for progression The former view Bazarov as an insulting caricature of their cause, and the latter view him as a dirty rotten nihilistic scoundrel Meanwhile, the West view him as the first proper literary nihilist and take to Turgenev like a house on fire.Bazarov of course is only a half baked nihilist He throws over his ideology at the alter of Madame Odinskaya s feet, asks his mother for superstitious style old world blessings and engages in a positively Romantic style duel with Arkady s uncle Academics are having a field day, as we speak, at tracing the Byronic influences on his character.The Slovophile vs Westerniser match off is fascinating This isn t merely a semantic stand off, a few after dinner soundbites being bandied about over brandy and a cigar Now that I know about it, I can spot the elephant in the room practically in every chapter At one point, Arkady and Bazarov praise Anna for her excellent use of Russian This is a passing sentence, and its easy to just gloss over it, but..really.exactly what language, I wonder, should Anna Odinskaya, a Russian aristocrat, born, raised and living in Russia, be speaking, if not Russian Well, apparently, French Knock me over with a feather, but those Russian aristocrats, from Catherine the Great s time circa 1799 to late nineteenth century got so big for their britches they started parleying in French from cradle to grave and couldn t even speak their own language Of all, I say, all the high falutin , sycophantic, preposterous things you could do, if this just doesn t take the cake Well, I know the English did it too, but a full 1000 years earlier After William of Normandy conquered and unified England in 1066, the court spoke French for the next 300 years But, thats because the Normans were French to begin with My point is, in a situation like this, a Slavophile vs Westerniser disagreement might just take on slightly larger proportions than just a semantic joust One thing neither side disagreed on was the need to free the serfs Which partially happened in 1861 Russian serfs, from what I can gather, were little better off than slaves They were, in fact slaves Tied to the estate, forbidden to marry outside the estate, or move out of the estate, propelled into wars by their masters , toiling, unpaid, all day long..yup, definitely slaves This agreement to free the serfs, though should not be taken as a carte blanche acknowledgement of an intrinsic serf worth on the contrary, both sides are united in a blanket wave of derision and general despising of the peasants FS is littered with condescending and derogatory remarks about the serfs, who are invariably being flogged for being fools, drunkards and thieves Having said that, they are also an integral part of country living, in the way Mamie rules the roost at Tara in Gone with the Wind.Midway through the novel Turgenev does a very naughty love quadrangle turn and twist worthy of a Shakesperean aficionado Everybody falls in love with everyone else before they shakily settle into the ultimate equilibrium The Bazarov Anna Odinskaya link is easily recognisable although none the less sad for it two cynics who are too jaded for each other.So then, thats for background How does Turgenev do, with all of this I got to shout it loud and clear from the mountaintop now he delivers I bawled like a baby twice in this reading, and thats saying something I can t remember the last time I had a teary eye It was Bazarov wot done it both times first when he left his parents after only a three day soujourn, and in the end. you know what I mean So this novel was shocking, in the end I was shocked at how easily it moved me I even had a moment of self doubt was I going soft in the head Well, much to my relief, I gather Turgenev elicits similar responses from many a reader, and in particular his contemporaries Apparently Flaubert was astounded by him, George Sand looked up to him, James was influenced by him and only, apparently Meredith matches his pathos in terms of the dying scene in terms of contemporaries I haven t read any Meredith whatsoever Its looking like Egoist and the Ordeal of Richard Feverel might be next. I had some doubts upon reading Turgenev for the first time, could he really stand up with the likes of Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky , simple answer, yes Fathers and Sons, although not on an epic level in terms of length, does an authentic and realistic job of presenting an account of upper class 19th century Russian provincial life, and indeed it doesn t surprise me he gained greater respect in some parts in regards to the two other Russian greats Turgenev arguably had better popularity due to his deeper humanity, where the psychological and emotional complexities of his principal characters are draw from first introduction as having a natural inherent intelligence Whereas the previous two tend to often use a trauma, crisis, or inner conflict within Although criticized by his fellow liberals, it was in fact Turgenev, who, from his death bed persuaded Tolstoy to carry on writing.This novel takes place in the 1860 s, the Napoleonic war is receding, and a new chapter has begun.The dominant theme is all in it s title, a transition from one generation to the next, two friends from university, Arkady and Barzarov and are returning home to their parents country estates, the infuriating Barzarov is a headstrong, overly confident young man, who believes in nihilism, wanting to tear everything down, to start over again from this rotten place Whereas Arkady isdelicate, and feelspassion for the people and world around him Both sets of parents deeply love their children, that s made perfectly clear, and are acceptant in their views But problems arise in Arkady s uncle Pavel, who doesn t take to Barzarov, on both a personal and philosophical level, after coming to stay at Arkady s home during the days following graduation Love is explored as the novel progresses, both would become acquainted with a young widow, Madame Anna Odintzov, and her sister Katya, who plays piano, whilst also tapping into the free floating testosterones of both.Like most older novels, there always seems to be a duel, and this is no different, it still amazes me at how the smallest things end up kicking off two individuals wanting to blow holes in each other Maybe Turgenev was thinking of his own once challenged stand off with Tolstoy.Turgenev contrasts the two young men very well, both friends, but with completely different mindsets, while he leaves it to his readers to see the other parties and ordinary villagers in their own light He portrays the parents poignant and sufferable states in a compassionate and dignified manner, and Barzazov in particular being bothered by an inner unhappiness for failing to see the values of artistic creation in other peoples lives There are crushing disappointments and humiliations that are waiting in the wings for the young fellows, generally bought on by their weakness of knowledge for adult life, regardless how clever they thing they are, it does help in dealing with complex matters of the heart While the two friends also come close to fisticuffs over Bazarov s constant cynicism Fathers and Sons had left me with a sense of quietly observing over the different paths of both Arkady and Barzarov, and Turgenev has enabled me to see with better eyes the love and appreciation between father and son, It is this profound vitality in Turgenev s characters, using a clear uncluttered dialogue that carry his novel to the heights of classic Russian Literature, with most complete and touching sincerity.