( KINDLE ) ♁ The Meaning of Science ♠ MOBI eBook or Kindle ePUB free

The Meaning of Science, an introductory text on the philosophy of science and part of a wider Pelican series, is an admirable effort to distill and simplify the main topics and their history within the philosophy of science.Lewens begins with elucidating some of the epistemological uncertainties which are inherent in the sacred scientific method Here we meet Popper and Kuhn Popper questioned whether science could prove anything it could only postulate and disprove theories , and Kuhn who cast doubt on whether science advances at all, advocating it was best understood only as a series of revolutions or paradigm shifts, each of which eradicates what came before Discussing Popper and Kuhn and their attempts at delineating how science works is no easy task if you do not wish to bore Lewens does so clearly and succinctly and thankfully this is his modus operandi throughout the text.Read the rest of thisreview herehttp www.bloomfieldreview.com the m A friendly introduction to the philosophy of science, dealing with Popper and Kuhn, human nature, free will, and the realism anti realism debate Lewens himself defends a version of scientific realism The book is lucid and accessible and serves as an excellent introduction I would have liked space for thinkers like Feyerabend and Lakatos, but otherwise a fair overview of the subject. Pelican books have a wonderful if now not terribly well known place in this country s cultural history They hark back to a time when popular culture didn t seem to be constantly chasing the lowest common denominator, but where there was a place for intellectual optimism, for a Reithian spirit of self improvement.The Meaning of Science follows the relaunch of Pelican books in 2014 and its retro light blue cover brings strong memories of parental bookcases.The content of the book is a cut above much of what is now published as popular science This is a book which rewards a quiet environment, and full concentration.It falls into two parts, the first rigorously examining what science is, the second looking at the overlap between science and philosophyThe first two chapters introduce two great scientific philosophers Popper, who questioned whether science could prove anything it could only postulate and disprove theories , and Kuhn who cast doubt on whether science advances at all, or is simply a series of revolutions or paradigm shifts, each of which eradicates what came before These chapters illustrate the beauty and power of the scientific method Not only does good science inherently involve challenge, but here we have the same thing happening at a meta level, challenging the scientific method itself Science is something which can be trusted because it doesn t trust itself Along the way author Lewens also examines Poppers attempts to distinguish between science and pseudo science, and also shines the light on some of the keys flaws in intelligent design.From here, the book goes on to discuss whether science can make a claim to truth, and also the relationship between science and society The latter examines the balance, the dilemma science faces where massively socially beneficial results have been generated, but not yet completely rigorously verified When to publish I found the second half slightly less satisfying than the first, simply because it seems less in tune with the title The first part is a philosophical analysis of the soundness of science The second is about whether scientific experimentation can help to resolve such philosophical questions as, is there such a thing as human nature , do we genuinely have free will , and what place for altruism in a world driven by natural selection These are all interesting topics in their own right, but I perhaps would ve preferred to see the first section expanded further.I didn t always find Lewens arguments convincing He concludes that the case for free will is not proven but clearly favours its existence He does not however make a persuasive case for his preference Also, in discussing the response to fallout from Chernobyl in Cumbria he suggests that science is inadequate without local knowledge, when, to me it could be argued simply, the scientists in question were guilty of insufficient rigour The fault was with the scientists, not the science That does nod towards another issue , what is science, is it what scientists do The fact that I found myself questioning and disagreeing with the author is not a criticism, rather it is an illustration of the beauty of an intellectually stimulating work.One rather strange omission from the book is the lack of any mention of mathematics In a work which discusses the ability of science to prove anything about reality, the absence of the most powerful tool in the scientist s kitbag is odd to say the least Further, in the final chapter Lewens addresses the question of what is and isn t provable by science, but to do so with no mention of Kurt Godel feels incomplete.Overall however, this is a genuinely excellent book. This is an enjoyably old fashioned kind of book that wanders with agreeable authority over eclectic topics in both the sciences and in philosophy, these topics being linked by their considerable importance and continued interest Much of the first half deals with Popper and Kuhn, and dispenses with both, although not very convincingly In rejecting Popper, Lewens sees inconsistency or even irrationality in expecting Einstein s Relativity to hold up in the face of the recent but later rejected San Grasso experiments with neutrinos If Relativity is a better explanation than the alternative proposals, there is nothing illogical about expecting there to have been an experimental error Lewens also criticises Popper for rejecting inductivism, but provides nothing than psychological support for it.The second half explores some fascinating questions about altruism and free will, dealing fiercely with those who reject the latter on grounds of deterministic neuroscience but in doing so Lewens states, If the concept of free will is literally without meaning, then it makes no sense to deny we have it that to assert we have it I wonder if he reflected than once on this claim How can we have something that is without meaning Despite these flaws and perhaps they re not maybe someone can enlighten me , I recommend this is a lively, intelligent and provocative read. ( KINDLE ) ♷ The Meaning of Science ⚉ What Is Science Is It Uniquely Equipped To Deliver Universal Truths Or Is It One Of Many Disciplines Art, Literature, Religion That Offer Different Forms Of Understanding In The Meaning Of Science, Tim Lewens Offers A Provocative Introduction To The Philosophy Of Science, Showing Us For Example What Physics Teaches Us About Reality, What Biology Teaches Us About Human Nature, And What Cognitive Science Teaches Us About Human Freedom Drawing On The Insights Of Towering Figures Like Karl Popper And Thomas Kuhn, Lewens Shows How Key Questions In Science Matter, Often In Personal, Practical And Political Ways In the introduction to his book, Tim Lewens provides a warming assurance to the reader that a knowledge of neither Science nor Philosophy is a pre requisite for grasping the nuances contained within The Meaning of Science However such an assurance is reneged upon in the very first Chapter when the author proceeds to provide a complicated overview of concepts such as Inference Induction, corroboration and falsificationism as elegantly elucidated by one of the greatest philosophers of all time Karl Popper There is no denying or disputing the fact that The Meaning of Science is a provocative book that elicits a healthy amount of debate, deliberation and even skepticism It challenges the very notion of Science as the fount of universal truth and attempts to pry open the lacunae and loopholes plaguing Science Most importantly the book propounds the invaluable role played by Philosophy in supplementing and supplanting the contributions made by Science Science and Philosophy are indispensable companions although seemingly incompatible bedfellows In the course of reconciling these two divergent yet intersecting disciplines, Lewens asks the following thought inducing questions Does Economics have adequate credibility to position itself as a Science Is Intelligent Design s claim to be a field of Science valid Is Homeopathy Science or a pseudoscience mired in quackery The aforementioned questions are proposed to be tackled using a variety of techniques such as the ones employed by the controversial philosopher Kuhn who pioneered the Paradigm Paradigm concept which talks about scientific revolutions which displace long entrenched beliefs termed exemplars Thus Newton s laws of gravity which were not only held sacrosanct but also enabled placing the first Man on the Moon were shaken, if not displaced by Einstein s laws of general and special relativity Similarly there have been innovative and ingenious challenges posed to Charles Darwin s revolutionary theory of mutation by natural selection Lewens also touches upon the aspects of Capitalism and Altruism in his endeavour to find a bridge between Science and Philosophy On the whole while the Meaning of Science strives to illuminate the importance of cleaving Science and Philosophy, its sometimes abstract and at other times obscure language leaves the reader confused than enlightened. prefix suffix Altriuism Free will As the title said, an introduction to philosophy of science what is science, why does it matter, does it matter how we do it Later chapters do recall some concepts introduced earlier, but each chapter can be taken as its own philosophical essay complete with suggested further reading at the end of each I personally found it to be a little slow in the middle, but definitely an interesting read Science philosophy really should be discussed frequently among scientists, but maybe as like a survey seminar during graduate school. Justice Michael J Sandel s