[Free E-pub] ♕ The Uninhabitable Earth: Life After Warming ⚓ Tyrakel.de

If we allow global warming to proceed, and to punish us with all the ferocity we have fed it, it will be because we have chosen that punishment collectively walking down a path of suicide This book is terrifying but informative It is terrifying because it is informative David Wallace Wells presents us with the cold, hard facts about global warming Right now, we are only about 1 C warming but are on a course to warm much, much We are already witnessing the devastating effects of climate change, even at this relatively small amount of warming Wildfires and droughts, mudslides and floods, hurricanes, tornados and cyclones, heat waves Every year these weather events get extreme, and lives are lost This is not an enjoyable book to read, nor is it easy It is, however, a book that I think every citizen of Planet Earth needs to readAny one of these twelve chapters contains, by rights, enough horror to induce a panic attack in even the most optimistic of those considering it But you are not merely considering it you are about to embark on living it In many cases, in many places, we already are The author shows just how much damage is already unfolding, and shares the predictions of top climate scientists, from such scientists as those of the United Nations and the US military He discusses the effects we can expect to suffer with each degree of warming the planet endures This will not make you sleep easy at night This is the stuff of nightmares However, burying our head in the sand and pretending it s not so is not an option It is also, as Mr Wallace Wells points out, delusional to expect technology to save us from the effects of global warming This will almost certainly not be the caseWe think of the technological change necessary to avert it as fast arriving, but unfortunately it is deceptively slow especially judged by just how soon we need itHowever, we should, we MUST, invest in research to do what we can to lessen the effects from carbon capture to creating water from atoms, from vertical gardening to growing meat in a lab which most meat eaters I ve spoken with think is gross but instead would rather eat the flesh of a living being that suffered horrendously for someone to drink a glass of milk or eat a burger not to mention what the livestock industry does to our environment and thus hastens global warming We must do everything in our power to switch to clean, renewable energy and we must do it quickly This will not reverse the damage that has already taken place and the planet will continue to warm even if we stopped all carbon output today However, the longer we take to make these changes, the worse we can expect things to be My only complaint is that Mr Wallace Wells at times belittles personal responsibility, effort, and choices to have less of a carbon footprint It s almost as though he s saying, Go ahead and drive that gas guzzler, eat that meat, run your AC even when you re not home because, hey If governments aren t going to tackle the problem and move to renewable and clean energy, we re fucked anyway I think that is the wrong attitude to have Certainly we need to raise our voices and demand our governments step in and do something but at the same time, we each of us should do what we can to lessen the amount of carbon and methane we put into the air How can we demand the governments of the world do something about climate change if we re not willing to make any changes in our own lives The author does offer some hope and possible solutions in the last part of the book I personally do not feel much optimism but I do tend to lean towards pessimistic thoughts well, others say that I say I m realistic I hope I am wrong We do have the tools we needa carbon tax and the political apparatus to aggressively phase out dirty energy a new approach to agricultural practices and a shift away from beef and dairy in the global diet and public investment in green energy and carbon captureLet s force our governments to take climate change seriously and act to do something about it Let s take responsibility and save humanity and other animals from the worst that global warming can inflict upon us. In no uncertain terms, the author lays out chapter by chapter the damage we in a short period of time, have done to our planet Damage that is almost certainly irreversible unless some drastic measures are taken, and taken now From super stroke, to the increased wild fires, flooding in so many areas, all that we have seen with our own eyes The carbon being released into our atmosphere is at detrimental levels, life in the near future will be unsustainable in many regions causing and climate refugees There is so much , the future for our children, all future generations looks beyond bleak This book is beyond frightening, which I guess is what the author meant to do, hoping to propel people to action He feels that our hope will lie with new technology and feels this is something silicon valley needs to work on now This is not just a one country problem, but a world wide problem All countries will be affected, to one extent of another This author is not a scientist, he is a journalist but he did his research I feel this is a book everyone should read, even those who don t believe that climate change and the warming earth, is factual The narrator is the author himself It took me a little time to get used to his voice, but once I did he was fine I give the narration a three. [Free E-pub] ☩ The Uninhabitable Earth: Life After Warming ☨ It Is Worse, Much Worse, Than You Think If Your Anxiety About Global Warming Is Dominated By Fears Of Sea Level Rise, You Are Barely Scratching The Surface Of What Terrors Are Possible In California, Wildfires Now Rage Year Round, Destroying Thousands Of Homes Across The US, Year Storms Pummel Communities Month After Month, And Floods Displace Tens Of Millions AnnuallyThis Is Only A Preview Of The Changes To Come And They Are Coming Fast Without A Revolution In How Billions Of Humans Conduct Their Lives, Parts Of The Earth Could Become Close To Uninhabitable, And Other Parts Horrifically Inhospitable, As Soon As The End Of This CenturyIn His Travelogue Of Our Near Future, David Wallace Wells Brings Into Stark Relief The Climate Troubles That Await Food Shortages, Refugee Emergencies, And Other Crises That Will Reshape The Globe But The World Will Be Remade By Warming In Profound Ways As Well, Transforming Our Politics, Our Culture, Our Relationship To Technology, And Our Sense Of History It Will Be All Encompassing, Shaping And Distorting Nearly Every Aspect Of Human Life As It Is Lived TodayLike An Inconvenient Truth And Silent Spring Before It, The Uninhabitable Earth Is Both A Meditation On The Devastation We Have Brought Upon Ourselves And An Impassioned Call To Action For Just As The World Was Brought To The Brink Of Catastrophe Within The Span Of A Lifetime, The Responsibility To Avoid It Now Belongs To A Single Generation 32nd book for 2019.Wallace Wells shows in stunning detail just how bad the global neo liberal consumption happiness after party is going to be, and just how soon the lights are going to come on.We are currently at 1 degree warming We are going to sail pass the 2 degree barrier agreed upon by Paris that s just a fact If we are really lucky we might stabilize at 3 4 degrees above baseline there are no guarantees as some poorly understood feedback loops might push us significantly past this point To give some context remember that during the last Ice Age when there were kilometer deep ice sheets across Europe and North America the average temperature was only 3 degrees colder We are going to be living a World at least 3 4 degrees hotter In beautiful lyrical prose David Wallace Wells lays out the unfolding global disaster that is climate change Forget what you think you know about this topic This is the book about global warming that everyone should read, right now People are way too complacent about the disaster that is unfolding and will inevitably blight all our children and grandchildren s lives Even if you feel you can t do anything at least have the dignity to look the future clearly in the eyes Read this book 5 stars. Whether or not you will find this book valuable depends on what you re looking for if you re interested in the science of, or evidence for, global warming, or in creative solutions to save the planet, then you are bound to be, like me, disappointed The book, rather, focuses almost exclusively on the potential consequences of living on a planet that will experience anywhere from 2 to 8 degrees celsius of warming between now and the year 2100 First, to state the obvious, global warming is definitely happening, it s mostly caused by human activity, and the consequences are and will be devastating This is all beyond reasonable doubt if you think otherwise, you stand in direct opposition to NASA and to an intergovernmental panel of 1,300 experts from around the world But what isn t so conclusive is the inevitability of the worst case scenario playing out as Wallace Wells describes In fact, when reading the book, it seems as if half the time the author isn t even buying into his own narrative He constantly wavers back and forth between exaggeration and hedging, at first narrating some devastating scenario and then reminding us that it s only speculation Keep in mind he s forecasting events up to 80 years in the future, when we have no idea what kind of technology we ll have and how the complex climate feedback loops will interact And that s the real problem with the book From the outset the author states that this is not a book about the science of climate change, but if your plan is to narrate the consequences of warming, how can you expect your readers to properly evaluate the likelihood of the narrative without the science If you want to learn about global warming, you would get benefit from visiting NASA s website on global warming and climate change Here you will get the facts, science, causes, and consequences of climate change without the alarmist tone and pessimistic narrative Yes, climate change is a big problem, maybe the biggest problem, and one we need to address immediately, but it doesn t help anyone to project the worst case scenario 80 years into the future without offering anything in the way of solutions If anything, it causes people to care less about climate change as they feel powerless to prevent it A better allocation of chapters for the book, in my opinion, would be one third devoted to the science, one third devoted to the possible consequences at each degree of warming, and a third devoted to possible solutions and technological research Instead, we get a book that lists disaster after unmitigated disaster and wild apocalyptic projections Compare this to the recently released book on climate change offering productive solutions A Bright Future How Some Countries Have Solved Climate Change and the Rest Can Follow Here s another way to think about it those of us that understand the science do not need to be scared into thinking that we need to take action, and so his narrative is unlikely to have much of an impact on his sympathetic audience And for those that doubt the science of global warming to begin with, the narrative is easily dismissed as he doesn t address the science So who exactly is the intended readership and what s the goal The bottom line is that there are better resources and books on both the science of climate change and the potential solutions. The Uninhabitable Earth is not just depressing, David Wallace Wells book is a merciless hammering of the reader, a bludgeoning to wake up to the horrors of climate change It is both hard and unpleasant to read Two thirds through, Wallace unexpectedly pauses to say If you have made it this far, you are a brave reader The structure is simple enough Wallace divides the planet into 12 plagues Every paragraph is jammed with facts and citations relating to that aspect The 12 are Heat Death, Hunger, Drowning, Wildfire, Disasters No Longer Natural, Freshwater Drain, Dying Oceans, Unbreathable Air, Plagues of Warming, Economic Collapse, Climate Conflict, and Systems He groups them under Part 1 Elements of Chaos I think they re plagues, in the biblical sense The book is a compendium of the knowledge out there Wallace s own career focuses on climate change, and he has all the sources and resources at his command It shows clearly in the breath of data he draws on And they are all connected, with feedback loops and knock on effects that can magnify a bad situation into a disaster Wallace makes those connections clear I have long maintained that the easiest way to view the earth s response to Man is to think of a wet dog It shakes violently, flinging the annoying drops out in all directions It then goes off and scratches itself all over, and eventually dries off and resumes its life Earth will shake off the effects of Man, but it will take 100,000 years for the oceans alone to reset themselves, and another 100 million years for new life to take shape In the mean time, everything will be erased That is the true price of the Industrial Revolution And as Wallace shows in several places, literally all the money in the world is not enough to fix it.Although this has been coming for a long time, it really took off in just our lifetime Fully half the carbon in the air was put there in just the last 25 years, he says The rise in temperatures has led to the warmest five years in history in just this short century The intensity of the ramp up in pollution, invisible as most of it is for now, is breathtaking Literally.And we don t have to wait to see the effects Wallace says that deaths from air pollution are currently running at seven million per year than the Holocaust every year With a two degree rise in temperature, that will eventually hit 150 million a year than it would at 1.5 degrees 21 Indian cities expect to have consumed all their groundwater in the next two years Just as American Lyme disease is now active and increasing in Europe, Japan, Turkey and Korea, so malaria will spread all over North America as it warms Ancient diseases frozen in arctic tundra will resume their conquest This has already happened Pointless Bitcoin mining consumes electricity than all the solar panels in the world can provide That s not what solar was for Put another way, Bitcoin mining produces as much pollution as a million transatlantic flights Cities absorb so much heat, they can actually raise nighttime temperatures by as much as 22 Fahrenheit degrees This means when it s 130 during the day, it might not drop below 130 at night Ideal functional temperature is about 13C or 57F Every degree the planet warms over where we are now reduces capacity, production, nutrients, availability and human productivity by several percent Until there is nothing left to reduce Construction already stops in the summer, as it is too hot for men to work, and asphalt melts Humanity simply cannot survive outdoors in 120 degree heat As carbon fills the air, the protein and nutrient content of every plant drops, currently down a third When plants become useless nutritionally, most other living things will die By 2030, Saudi Arabia will be consuming energy in air conditioning the desert than it produces in oil And thereby add that much heat to it.The last third of the book is a bit of a relief, quoting other people on their interpretations, theories, expectations and fears But not necessarily new facts, which provides the relief, such as it is.I have read so much in this field that I recognized many of the authors, facts and quotes It is sadly familiar ground to me Wallace picked good ones, with important points to make, fulfilling my own expectations as I read In other words, he got it right This is what we face If you re looking for an understanding of what we know at this time, you won t do better than The Uninhabitable Earth.About the best hope we have, and the maxim on which we are clearly relying, is that nothing ever turns out the way it first appears It s no way to run a planet.David Wineberg This is an exceptional, must read book about the prognosis for our planet Earth The prognosis is not a happy one it is truly depressing If things continue at the present pace, by 2100, temperatures will rise by than 4C Large parts of Africa, Australia, the United States, South America, and Asia will become uninhabitable The U.N.Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC is a very conservative group, and considers only the most recent, inarguable research They state that if we act very soon, and immediately implement all of the agreements made in Paris, we will likely get 3.2C of warming The planet s ice sheets will collapse A hundred major cities around the world will be flooded.To date, not a single industrial nation has achieved the pledges made in the Paris climate treaty To get us down to 2C of warming requires that nations over shoot their pledges President Trump s withdrawal from the treaty may be perversely productive it seems to have mobilized China giving Xi Jinping an opportunity and an enticement to adopt a much aggressive posture toward climate Of course, China is all talk so far of all countries, it now has the largest carbon footprint It has half of the planet s coal power capacity, and its emissions increased 4% in the first three months of 2018 Globally, coal power has nearly doubled since 2000 As carbon dioxide levels rise, so too does it make plants grow bigger, containing sugars But nutrients in plants do not increase proportionately So, it dilutes nutrients in our food supply Since 1950, the good nutrients in plants such as protein, calcium, iron, and vitamin C have declined by one third Everything becomes like junk food.The last time the earth was 4C warmer, there was no ice at either pole, sea level was 260 feet higher, and there were palm trees in the Arctic Near the equator not pleasant Peter Wadhams a scientist I have had the pleasure of working with estimated that the reduction of the albedo effect ice reflects sunlight back into space could generate the equivalent to 25 years of global carbon emissions.Wildfires in California are increasing in number and intensity American wildfires now burn twice as much land as in 1970 Fires are even increasing in northern regions, like Greenland, Sweden, and Finland Globally, deforestation accounts for 12% of carbon emissions, and forest fires, 25% So it seems to me, that fires are a powerful and significant feedback mechanism the hotter it gets, the wildfires burn, releasing yet carbon into the atmosphere, causing temperatures to increase yet , and so on.Coal burning increases air pollution, which is an especially big problem in some countries If China were to improve its pollution to EPA standards, the country s verbal test scores would increase by 13% and math scores by 8% I am just speculating here perhaps this implies that as long as pollution is such a problem in China, it will not become a technology innovator, despite its immense population As further evidence of the problem of air pollution, the introduction of EZ Pass in American cities has reduced premature births and low birth weight by 11% near toll booths, where car exhaust is higher as cars slow down Perversely, aerosol pollution reflects sunlight back into space, reducing the rate of global warming Geo engineering would purposely inject aerosols into the upper atmosphere to reduce global warming and simultaneously degrade air quality And, once we begin geo engineering we could never stop But because it is relatively cheap, it is perhaps inevitable.A study in 2016 found that 23% of conflict in the world s ethnically diverse countries began during months of weather disaster Thirty two countries face extreme risk of conflict and civil unrest from climate disruptions over the next thirty years The world s least developed countries will suffer from climate change the most, while the most developed countries will suffer the least Environmental disasters have been found to promote disease and mental illness.Climate change is inarguable There are some skeptics who say that it is due to natural cycles But that should concern us even , because it implies that climate change is beyond our control The belief that climate change is due to human activity should be a comfort because that means we have some control over it Solving the problem will be difficult To some, ending the trillions of dollars in fossil fuel subsidies seems difficult than deploying technologies to suck carbon out of the air But carbon capture and storage plants are presently just a pipe dream.Rapid technology change has not improved economic well being And, although the green energy revolution has yielded productivity gains in energy and in cost reduction, it hasn t reduced carbon emissions The reason is that dirty energy sources have not been replaced with clean ones the clean energy sources have simply been added to the same system.As an aside, I thought it interesting to note that creating Bitcoin cryptocurrency now produces as much carbon dioxide each year as a million transatlantic flights The reasons for inactivity to counter climate change arise from politics Russia might actually be one of the only countries to gain from climate change The United States will be hit second worst of all countries China may bear most of the responsibility, since its population is the biggest, along with its carbon emissions The book cites many other books about impending doom and apathy about climate change.The so called Drake Equation helps us to estimate how many civilizations of intelligent beings there might be in the universe Fermi s Paradox asks the question if there are so many civilizations, where is everybody This book speculates that the answer might be that civilization might self destruct by destroying their own climate.This is a short book, easily readable in a day or two The book addresses than just the consequences of climate change which are truly disastrous The book also addresses why we seem to be so apathetic What I would really like to see, though, are some suggestions for getting ourselves out of this rut, into a realistic action plan.Four of the five mass extinctions on Earth were caused by climate change due to greenhouse gases The worst occurred 250 million years ago, when temperatures increased by than 10C. One of my favourite Australian novels is Peter Carey s Bliss That starts with Harry Joy isn t that one of the best names of a character ever having a wonderful Christmas party with his family and friends he has the perfect life and he could hardly be happier Then just like that, BANG he has a heart attack and dies And just as suddenly he is brought back to life a miracle, no less he was dead and now he s alive again Except that now he finds out that his wife is having an affair with his best friend, his son is a drug dealer and his daughter is giving his son blowjobs so she can get free drugs, and the advertising company he owns is helping to sell products that are killing the planet Mr Joy comes to believe, not unreasonably, that he is now in hell and he only thinks he is alive In a similar way, I think I might have died sometime early in 2016 I mean, since then I ve struggled to understand the world I m living in Ma sotto voce I should just mention the election of Brexit, Trump, Bolsonaro, Duterte, Erdo an and Morrison, and, of course, climate change This book is a book of horrors It makes An Inconvenient Truth look like what I guess it must have actually been a best case scenario At one point in this he says that he is an optimist and that he believes we will eventually do something to mitigate the destruction of the planet we are living on You know, the only one in the universe we actually know will support us But I ve got to warn you, if you are reading this book for any good news, you ve picked up the wrong book I feel like I ve been pummelled Now, I ve said it before and I will say it again and I will say it over and over again I m a pessimist I actually think it is already too late, we had our chance and we blew it This book explains just how terrible and costly our mistakes over the last 20 years or so are are going to prove And we don t even have an excuse I mean, sure, you can say something like, well, all of this was done before I was born, as if that made sense that this is all about the industrial revolution and that there has been 200 years of compound interest debts that have now suddenly fallen due The only problem is, none of this is quite true to me the most terrifying statistic in a book was and I quote, we have done as much damage to the fate of the planet and its ability to sustain human life and civilisation since Al Gore published his first book on climate than in all the centuries all the millennia that came before The blood that you can see is mostly on our own hands.Now, I ve an uncle who is deeply religious and is the sort of person that, when there is a cold day in winter, will say, and where s your climate change now Yeah, I know I could tell him the difference between weather and climate, I could say that 8 of the hottest 7 days in history were in the last week, or whatever the figures are but the point is that the President of the US is even of a climate change denier than my uncle Like I said today when I was explaining this book to someone for some reason I ve been mis quoting Shakespeare a lot lately we are in shit stepped so far that we can t even smell it any The author of this says there is not a single country on the planet that will meet its commitments under the Paris agreements You know, I don t think we are quite focused on the problem yet.We are, it seems, about to see the world turned on its head Something I read a few years ago said that soon a decade or so from then the planet will only be able to sustain about half a billion people That is, seven billion people will need to die and they will be provided that opportunity in quick time And before you congratulate yourself for being clever enough to have chosen parents who lived in a first world country to be born admittedly, the effects of climate change will be much, much worse for brown and black people, but no one gets out of this okay Not even the extreme nastiness that is Australia s refugee policy or the US child separation nightmare will be enough to save us from the tidal wave that is coming Nor will the Arab Spring or the war in Syria look like anything than a kind of picnic, it will all appear as nothing when, as the author says, a billion people are on the move because there is literally no water for them to drink where they are and when the daytime temperatures are so hot that if they stay where they are it will mean they will effectively boiling alive.He makes it clear that the technological fixes we imagine are about to save us are based on that one gift the gods left us when Pandora opened her box misplaced hope And if you are confident that science will find an answer, you need to remember that every time science has come up with a means to mitigate the disaster we are about to face we ve found ways to make the situation a hundred times worse So that while the cost of solar panels has fallen 80 percent since 2009, and while lots of people have dutifully strapped them onto their houses, carbon output into the atmosphere has increased.I would like to think that ultimately the author will be proven right that eventually climate change will be so obvious that even my uncle and Donald Trump will think, shit, someone should have done something about this Except, I ve just been through an election here in Australia, and I can t particularly say it proved all that reassuring It was dubbed the climate change election climate change won, by the way A month or so before that election a million fish died in Menindee in the Murray Darling basin A million fish Here s a wee video of it Menindee is in the federal electorate of Parkes And the good people of Parkes decided to vote in a member of the National Party in the election that followed this slaughter that is, a party of climate change deniers At least half of the Great Barrier Reef is dead and the Labor Party only won one seat in the whole of Queensland, and certainly none in far north Queensland It really isn t clear to me what it will take I mean, if this isn t enough, what evidence would people need Really, I just have to assume we are dead men walking and that there is nothing that will save us we are all literally that stupid.Oh well. In July of 2017, in New York Magazine, David Wallace Wells published an article on climate change entitled The Uninhabitable Earth It began with these words It is, I promise, worse than you think Now Wallace Wells has turned that article into a book, and if anything he has doubled down It is worse, the book begins, much worse, than you think It is, it surely is And Wallace Wells pulls no punches He does not fog the facts with statistics, or conceal his rage and sorrow under a scientist mask No, for this is not a book of science it is just what he says it is This is not a book about the science of warming it is a book about what warming means to the way we live on this planet He paints pictures of what human life will be like at various degrees of warming grim even if we mitigate the rising temperature, horrific if we continue to do virtually nothing.The entire book is good, but the opening sequence Cascades a section of roughly thirty pages is particularly powerful Wallace Wells makes it clear that our warmer future will not consist of isolable challenges no, instead everything will hit the fan at once As Hamlet s uncle Claudius once said, When sorrows come, they come not single spies, But in battalions Wallace Wells puts it eloquently too The assaults will not be discrete this is another climate delusion Instead, they will produce a new kind of cascading violence, waterfalls and avalanches of devastation, the planet pummeled again and again, with increasing intensity and in ways that build on each other and undermine our ability to respondThe second sequence, The Elements of Chaos, a hundred pages or so artificially isolates twelve of these cascading dangers Heat Death, Hunger, Drowning, etc into individual chapters, and discusses the contribution of each In these chapters Wallace Wells often becomes frighteningly specific, mentioning deleterious effects I would never have anticipated Consider this passage in Hunger Over the past fifteen years, the iconoclastic mathematician Irakli Loladze has isolated a dramatic effect of carbon dioxide on human nutrition unanticipated by plant physiologists it can make plants bigger, but those bigger plants are less nutritious Everything is becoming like junk food Even the protein content of bee pollen has dropped by a third. Or this little parable in Plagues of Warming But consider the case of the saiga the adorable, dwarflike antelope, native to Central Asia In May 2015, nearly two thirds of the global population died in the span of just days every single said in an area the size of Florida The culprit, it turned out, was a simple bacteria, Pasteurella multocide, which had lived inside the saiga s tonsils without threatening its hosts in any way, for many, many generations Suddenly it had proliferated Why The places where the saiga died in 2015 were extremely warm and humid When the temperature gets really hot, and the air gets really wet, saiga die Climate is the trigger, Pasteurella is the bulletIn the third section, The Climate Kaleidoscope about seventy five pages Wallace Wells treats briefly with some ways we can attempt to make sense of the climate crisis, as we contemplate the possible death of humankind, alone at least as far as we can tell in a vast universe Storytelling, Crisis Capitalism, The Church of Technology, etc , and he ends the books with a brief coda The Anthropic Principle in which he shares the somewhat optimistic way in which he has come to view the human dilemma True, it is a sort of gimmicky tautology that reminds me of the circular logic that brought us, in earlier centuries, the dubious comforts of Anselm s ontological argument and Pascal s wager It is certainly a leap in the dark Still, it s better than nothingT he Anthropic Principle takes the human anomaly not as a puzzle to explain away but as the centerpiece of a grand narcissistic view of the cosmos H owever unlikely it may seem that intelligent civilization arose in an infinity of lifeless gas, and however lonely we appear to be in the universe, in fact something like the world we live on and the one we ve built are a sort of logical inevitability, given that we are asking these questions at all because only a universe compatible with our sort of conscious life would produce anything capable of contemplating it like this There is one civilization we know of, and it is still alive and kicking for now at least Why should we be suspicious of our exceptionality, or choose to understand it only by assuming an imminent demise Why not choose to feel empowered by it The most accurate terminology to describe this book absolutely terrifying It has the same impact a fantastic horror movie or novel does but with one very important difference THIS IS REAL If this doesn t wake earth s inhabitants up to our self made, self inflicted impending doom I don t know what will I must add that this is so stark and horrifying that on the night I completed it I failed to sleep for thinking about everything David Wallace Wells opens our eyes to One of the hardest hitting and thought provoking works of nonfiction I ve read in years, but it isn t for the faint of heart, and I ve come to expect most people prefer to be ignorant to the truth rather than learning, accepting and then exploring ways to help make the situation better However, it may already be too late, and unfortunately, this is one of those times where the adage better late than never does not apply If you re expecting a laid back thesis on the ramifications of climate change then you have come to the wrong place this is a wake up call and a call to action Time is no longer on our side in climate matters which is why books such as this are incredibly important I have long been taught that if you cause something unexpected to happen that you at least try to put it right It s like the object of civil liability in law which aims to put the victim back into the position they were in before the crime was committed, and whilst we can t achieve that we can do things to change the destructive trajectory in which we are heading, but we must take heed and act post haste.All those seemingly subliminal messages we see, hear and internalise day in day out come together in this book and the author pulls no punches in bringing climate issues to readers consciousness and shouting loud and clear about the issues we face His passion and commitment to the subject shine through, and although this holds some very scary messages there are also reasons to be hopeful Ultimately, though, this is a masterful account of how we are well on our way to destroying our planet and ought to be in every school, public library and on the shelves of those of us who care about what the future will hold for our descendants.Many thanks to Allen Lane for an ARC.