[E-pub] ⚆ L'homme-machine ♃ Tyrakel.de

Vertinu i knyg 5 balais i 10 Manau, kad La Mettrie buvo neabejotinai i kalbus ir atsidav s tam, kuo tik jo ios savyb s leido jam takoti ir kv pti moni m stym ne vienam imtme iui Kita vertus veikale i rei kiamas po i ris man pasirod pakankamai ribotas, vienpusi kas Netgi vertinus to laikme io tendencijas, atrodo, jog autorius kalba pernelyg kategori kai, galb t kai kur kiek per stipriai veikiamas emocij , noro rodyti savo teisingum. 1 Il nostro corpo una roba ben strana a pensarci In fondo, gi il fatto che ci rivolgiamo a lui come nostro lascia quasi intuire che sia un attributo esterno che noi riconduciamo a noi stessi la mia macchina, il mio pc, il mio mignolo Pensiamo a tutta la visione che vede nel nostro corpo solo una gabbia O, ancora, la disperata discordanza fra ci che riteniamo giusto, morale, corretto e quello che vuole il nostro corpo Nella peggiore delle ipotesi come avere a che fare con un coinquilino fastidioso e dispotico, nella migliore guidare un robottone antropomorfo Sembra quasi che noi la nostra anima i nostri pensieri , qualsiasi cosa possa essere identificato con il termine d esistenza Noi siamo altro rispetto al nostro corpo E una dualit che, volenti o nolenti, diventa anche qualitativa.2 Ora Immaginate questo dualismo quanto potesse essere inconcepibile per un Illuminista come era La Mettrie La ragione pu illuminare tutto, comprendere tutto, dominare tutto, eppure nel momento di massima intimit fallace Come pu la ragione essere il fondamento di tutto, se perfino nell unit minima, il mio stesso corpo, limitata Ridotta a essere un prigioniero O, comunque, essere soltanto una parte di me e non me interamente Ovvero bello tutto, ma com possibile che il mio mignolo sia qualcosa di diverso da me, dalla mia ragione Una soluzione potrebbe essere che tutto ragione, ma cos la ragione diventerebbe quasi un principio immanente e animistico, ben lontano da una visione Illuminista della realt Quindi 3 Quindi e sta qui il coraggio dell idea la mia ragione fatta dello stesso materiale di cui fatto il mio mignolo O di qualsiasi altro mignolo Umano e non L uomo un tutt uno composto di varie parti e di vari meccanismi, ma tale solo perch tutti questi meccanismi lo definiscono nel complesso Un orologio la somma delle lancette e degli ingranaggi Una sola lancetta non un orologio Un mio mignolo non me La mia sola ragione non me Io sono l unione e il lavorio di tutte queste varie parti.5 Cort zar, in Rayuela, dice sta bellissima frase e La Mettrie avrebbe sicuramente condiviso vo a memorai Lei era una di quelle persone che era convinta che la forma del tuo naso determinava cosa pensavi [E-pub] ⚉ L'homme-machine ☪ Preface V Frederic The Greats Eulogy On Julien Offray De La Mettne I LHomme Machine N Man A Machine The Natural History Of The Soul Extracts Appendix La Mettries Relation To His Predecessors And To His Successors Outline Of La Mettries Metaphysical Doctrine Notes Works Consulted And Cited In The Notes Index PREFACE PREFACE E French Text Presented M This Volume Is Taken From That Of A Leyden Edition Of , In Other Words, From That Of An Edition Published In The Year And In The Place Of Issue Of The First Edition The Title Page Of This Edition Is Reproduced In The Present Volume The Original Was Evidently The Work Of A Dutch Compositor Unschooled In The French Language, And Is Full Of Imperfections, Inconsistencies, And Grammatical Blun Ders By The Direction Of The Publishers These Obviously Typo Graphical Blunders Have Been Corrected By M Lucien Arreat Of Paris, The Translation Is The Work Of Several Hands It Is Founded On A Version Made By Miss Gertrude C Bussey From The French Text In The Edition Of J Assezat And Has Been Revised By Professor M W, Calkins Who Is Responsible For It In Its Present Form Mademoiselle M Garret, Of The Wellesley Col Lege Department Of French, AndProfessor George Santayana, Of Harvard University, Have Given Valued Assistance And This Opportunity Is Taken To Acknowledge Their Kindness In Solving The Problems Of Interpretation Which Have Been Submitted To Them It Should Be Added That The Translation Sometimes Sub Ordinates The Claims Of English Structure And Style In The Effort To Render La Mettnes Meaning Exactly The Paragraphing Of The French Is Usually Followed, But The Italics And The Capitals Are Not Reproduced The Page Headings Of The Translation Re Fer Back To The Pages Of The French Text And A Few Words In Serted By The Translators Are Enclosed In Brackets The Philosophical And Historical Notes Are Condensed And Adapted From A Masters Thesis On La Mettne Presented By Miss Bussey To The Faculty Of Wellesley College FREDERIC THE GREATS EULOGY ON JULIEN OFFRAY DE LA METTRIE FREDERIC THE GREATS EULOGY ON JULIEN OFFRAY DE LA METTRIE TULIEN Offray De La Mettrie Was Born In Saint J Malo, On The Twenty Fifth Of December To Julien Offray De La Mettrie And Marie Gaudron, Who Were Living By A Trade Large Enough To Provide A Good Education For Their Son They Sent Him To The College Of Coutance To Study The Humanities He Went From There To Paris, To The College Of Plessis He Studied His Rhetoric At Caen, And Since He Had Much Genius And Imagination, He Won All The Prizes For Eloquence He Was A Born Orator, And Was Pas Sionately Fond Of Poetry And Belles Lettres, But His Father Thought That He Would Earn As An Ec Clesiastic Than As A Poet, And Destined Him For The Church He Sent Him, The Following Year, To The College Of Plessis Where He Studied Logic Under M Cordier, Who Was A Jansenist Than A Logician It Ischaracteristic Of An Ardent Imagination To Seize Forcefully The Objects Presented To It, As It Is Characteristic Of Youth To Be Prejudiced In Favor Of The First Opinions That Are Inculcated Any Other Scholar Would Have Adopted The Opinions Of His Teacher But That Was Not Enough For Young La Mettrie He Became A Jansenist, And Wrote A Work Which Had Great Vogue In That Party MAN A MACHINE In , He Studied Natural Philosophy At The College Of Harcourt, And Made Great Progress There On His Return To Brittany, M Une toile de plus pour la magnifique introduction pr s des deux tiers de l dition The last sentence is hilarious Socialiniai, politiniai rei kiniai ai kinami per biologinius mechanizmus Once upon a time a physician became a materialist.. Vielleicht ist die Geschichte dieser Abhandlung noch bemerkenswerter als sie selbst Ihretwegen musste La Mettrie Leiden verlassen und Zuflucht beim Hofe Friedrich des Grossen suchen Bei aller Sympathie f r das Werk vermag man der Argumentation doch nicht ganz zu folgen Nat rlich hat sich die Sicht auf den Menschen als Maschine z.B f r die Medizin als usserst produktiv erwiesen Es geht hier dem Materialismus aber wie dem Liberalismus, einst als berm tiger David im Kampf gegen den Goliath Kirche, bzw Staat, angetreten, erweist sich jener nach seinem Siege als Monstrum wer sich schon in den Klauen unserer hochtechnisierten Medizin befand, versteht was ich meine Nun l st die Produktivit t der materialistischen Weltsicht allerdings keine philosophischen Probleme Und hier vermag der Text am wenigsten zu berzeugen Das zentrale Konzept des Bewegungsprinzips Aristoteles Bestimmung der physis als arch kineseos , das allem Lebendigen und seinen Teilen innewohnt, ist mitnichten etwas Materielles Dass die Eigenbewegungen der K rperglieder und insbesondere des m nnlichen den Mediziner fasziniert, ist nat rlich erheiternd und der psychoanalytisch geschulte Leser freut sich ber den fliessenden Uebergang von dem eigensinnigen Bewegungsprinzip des Gliedes zu dem obersten Bewegungsprinzip im Gehirn, genannt Seele Obwohl der Begriff der Seele voller metaphysischer Mucken steckt, widerstrebt es einem, die Seele als empfindlichen materiellen Teil des Gehirns zu verstehen wie es heutzutage vollen Ernstes auch die analytische Philosophie behauptet das Bewusstsein ist das Gehirn und hnlicher Schwachsinn.Ebenso ist der oft ins Feld gef hrte Begriff der Natur ein metaphysischer Wer Gott durch Natur ersetzt, hat hinsichtlich materialistischer Weltsicht nicht viel gewonnen, ausser dass die Kirche sich dar ber entsetzen mag.Trotzdem ein sch ner Text, dessen antimetaphysische Haltung der pyrrhischen Ansicht folgt, dass man um des Seelenfriedens Willen bestimmte philosophische Probleme besser einfach sein lassen sollte Auch bemerkenswert die Ausf hrungen ber das Gewissen, das die Maschine Mensch doch als ethisches Wesen rettet, das um gut zu handeln nicht des Gehorsams gegen ber einer Religion bedarf hier formuliert Mettrie Kants kategorischen Imperativ eine Generation vor diesem. 265 jaar geleden, op 11 november 1751, stierf Julien de La Mettrie, auteur van De mens een machine zoals vertaald door Hans W Bakx voor Boom Meppel Amsterdam, hier integraal te vinden , na het eten van iets te veel vleespastei Hij was een levensgenieter, medicus, filosoof, athe st na eerst jansenist te zijn geweest , tegendraadse vrijdenker en onverbeterlijke polemist Theologen vierden zijn dood als een vingerwijzing van God Tijdens zijn leven vluchtte hij van Frankrijk naar Holland waar hij in Leiden bij Boerhaave studeerde en daarna naar Pruisen Frederik II van Pruisen hield zijn grafrede, die nog altijd de belangrijkste bron is voor zijn biografie Zijn motto Schrijf zo, alsof je alleen in het heelal was en niets van de afgunst en vooroordelen van de mensen te vrezen had, of je zult je doel missen De mens een machine blijft een interessant tijdsdocument. Yes, screw metaphysics Let s look at data